Valsartan: Uses, Administration, Side Effects, Precautions and Storage

It is a drug prescribed by specialist doctors to treat heart conditions, such as:

  • High blood pressure.
  • Congestive heart failure

Valsartan belongs to the family of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers, which include:

  • Losartán.
  • Irbesartan.
  • Candesartan.

Angiotensin receptor blockers allow the body’s blood vessels to dilate, resulting in lower blood pressure.

Administration of Valsartan

The patient should read the indications on the medicine package before starting treatment and clarify any doubts that may arise with their doctor or pharmacist.

This medicine can be ingested once or twice a day with or without food or according to or indicated by the treating physician.

The dosage will depend on the severity and type of condition that the patient presents. It could even be increased gradually to ensure its effectiveness, but this will depend on the evolution of the treatment or acceptance given by the patient’s body.

If a dose is missed and it is nearing time for the next, the patient should skip the missed dose. It is not recommended that one or more missed doses be combined; this could increase the chances of suffering from side effects.


To prevent a harmful effect on health, the patient must maintain a fixed schedule for the intake of medications; this will help ensure the effectiveness of the treatment and help the doctor to have better control of the disease and its improvement.

Side effects

This drug does not cause serious side effects; however, the patient may present the following symptoms when starting treatment:

  • Headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Dizziness.
  • To.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Nausea.
  • Diarrhea.

This drug rarely causes allergic reactions. However, the patient should contact their doctor if they have the following symptoms:

  • Whistling or whistling when inhaling.
  • Swelling in the throat.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Acne.
  • Itching on the face or extremities of the body.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Swelling of the tongue, lips, and around the eyes.
  • Redness on the front and neck can spread over the body.
  • Acceleration of the heartbeat.
  • Cramps in the hands and legs.

Valsartan does not cause overdose symptoms. However, the patient should go to the nearest health center or hospital if he suffers from:

  • Disorientation.
  • Sudden dizziness and fainting spells.
  • Excessive sweating
  • Cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Apathy or reluctance.
  • Heaviness in the extremities of the body.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Constant vomiting or nausea.
  • Elevation of body temperature.
  • Headache.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Abdominal or stomach pain
  • Pale or yellow hue to the skin.
  • Seizures

Other significant side effects that this drug can generate and for which the patient should contact their doctor are:

  • Hyperkalemia.
  • Reduced kidney function.
  • Impotence in sexual activities.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Rhabdomyolysis (inflammation and destruction of muscles).
  • Angioedema (swelling of the soft tissues, including the throat and larynx ).


Valsartan is a drug that is not recommended for pregnant women because its components could affect the normal development of the fetus or unborn, so the patient should tell the doctor if she is in condition before proceeding to start treatment.

If the patient is breastfeeding, she should also notify her treating physician since it is unknown whether its composition may or may not affect the baby as it is found in breast milk.

This medicine cannot be ingested with alcoholic beverages because it increases the chances of suffering from severe side effects, even presenting harmful or harmful impacts on health.

Given that this drug can cause fatigue or dizziness. At the same time, the body adapts or adapts to its composition; it is recommended that the patient not perform activities that require strength or high concentration, such as:

  • Drive heavy machinery.
  • Driving late at night.

Because it could cause accidents that threaten your life or that of others.


This medicine should be stored at room temperature and in a place away from moisture, heat, and the sun’s rays. It does not need to be refrigerated.

It should be out of the reach of children and household pets because its use without supervision or medical prescription can harm health or generate severe side effects.