Scopolamine: Uses, Precautions, Side Effects, Dosage, Incidents and Overdose

It is used to treat certain stomach or intestinal problems, muscle spasms, and conditions similar to Parkinson’s disease.

It is an anticholinergic medicine , as part of its facultative benefits is the decrease in the secretion of fluids from the stomach and intestines as well as the dilation of the pupils.

It can also be used to prevent nausea, dizziness and vomiting caused by motion sickness or anesthesia administered during surgery and recovery.

Some doctors use this drug in the treatment of parkinsonism, irritable bowel syndrome, spastic muscle states, diverticulitis , among other conditions.

Some doctors treat certain stomach or intestinal problems, muscle spasms, and conditions similar to Parkinson’s disease.

Take into consideration that you can not take this medicine if you have the following:

Escopolamine is not approved for use in children under 6 months. There are no studies to check whether it affects a fetus in gestation or whether it can harm a breast-feeding baby.

It can cause seizures, cardiac arrhythmia , severe depression , vascular collapse, respiratory failure, among other symptoms, if high doses of more than 10 mg are given in children or more than 100 mg in adults.

In rare cases, unusual reactions have occurred at ordinary doses of Escopolamine, which include confusion, agitation, incoherent speech, hallucinations, paranoid behaviors, and delusions.

In the case of such a reaction, stop using this medicine and seek medical attention.

Precautions

It can be an invasive medicine for the organism causing slow and confused reactions and affect thinking.

If you must do any activity that requires your absolute attention, see clearly and be alert to any situation such as driving, you must be very careful.

Avoid overheating or dehydration during exercise and in hot climates. Scopolamine can reduce sweating and you may be more prone to heat stroke.

At times, this medication can dilate the pupils, making your eyes more sensitive to light. You may need to wear sunglasses, even inside a covered space.

If you drink any alcoholic beverage together with this medicine, you are likely to experience minor or significant side effects. Everything depends on your ethyl state and treatment time.

Side effects

If you have symptoms of an allergic reaction such as: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat contact your treating doctor, you may need to stop using this medicine.

Escopolamine can activate the following side effects:

  • Urinate little or nothing.
  • Cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Confusion.
  • Paranoia.
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Constipation .
  • Drowsiness.
  • Dizziness
  • Blurry vision.

Poisoning with Scopolamine can be harmful to anyone’s life regardless of age or sex.

It is important to maintain adequate oxygenation, hyperthermia control and hydration while consulting a medical specialist.

This medicine is highly toxic, it can not be ingested more than the time indicated by the attending physician or pharmacist. If over the stipulated time, hospitalization is recommended until analyzing the symptoms that it presents and if it warrants it, a gastric lavage.

Dose

Usual dose in adults for nausea or vomiting:

Postoperative nausea and vomiting: apply a patch on the hairless area behind the ear the night before the scheduled surgery.

Caesarean section surgery: apply a patch on the hairless area behind the ear one hour before surgery.

It is recommended to keep the Escopolamine patch in place for a period of 24 hours after surgery.

Usual dose in adults for movement disease:

Apply a patch on the hairless area behind the ear at least 4 hours before an anti-emetic effect is needed.

Unusual incidences in treatment with scopolamine

  • Redness of the skin.
  • Muscular weakness.
  • Redness of the white part of the eyes.
  • Restlessness.
  • Perspiration.
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Unusually warm skin.

Symptoms of overdose

  • Anxiety.
  • Sight loss.
  • Perception of disturbed color.
  • Dry and reddened skin.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Nervousness.
  • Night blindness.
  • Convulsions