Minocycline: Description, Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Precautions

It is an antibiotic that treats infection and can treat acne.

Overall, prolonged exposure to sunlight and / or tanning beds should be avoided, and protective clothing should be worn.

Description of minocycline

Minocycline is a prescription antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections, such as pneumonia , urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and acne. Minocycline belongs to a group of tetracycline antibiotic drugs . It works specifically by preventing the growth and spread of bacteria.

This medicine comes in capsule, tablet, or tooth powder form. It is usually taken one to four times a day.

Consult your healthcare provider’s instructions for the specific minocycline product you are taking, as some products are best when taken without food, at least one hour before or two hours after a meal.

Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, headache, tiredness, and dizziness.

Applications

Minocycline is a prescription antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, including pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, chlamydia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and acne.

This medicine may be prescribed for other uses. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Minocycline brands

Minocycline can be found in some form under the following brand names:

  • Arestin.
  • Cleeravue-M.
  • Dynacin.
  • Minocin.
  • Myrac.
  • Solod.
  • Vectrin.

Side effects

Minocycline can cause serious side effects.

The most common side effects of minocycline include:

  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Vomiting
  • Headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Dizziness or spinning sensation.
  • Itch.

Call your doctor if you have a side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. Your doctor may do tests to monitor side effects during minocycline treatment.

These are not all the side effects with minocycline. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Minocycline interactions

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Minocycline can affect how other medicines work, and other medicines can affect how minocycline works.

In particular, tell your doctor if you take:

  • Birth Control Pills:  Minocycline can make your birth control pills less effective. You can get pregnant. You must use a second method of birth control while taking minocycline.
  • A blood thinning medicine.
  • A penicillin antibiotic drug: Minocycline and penicillins should not be used together.
  • Antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium or products that contain iron.
  • An acne medicine that contains isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret). Minocycline and isotretinoin should not be used together.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if your medicine is one of those listed above.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist.

Minocycline precautions

Serious side effects can occur, including:

Harm to an unborn baby: If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor about the risks associated with taking minocycline during pregnancy.

Permanent tooth discoloration: Minocycline can permanently turn a baby’s or child’s teeth yellow, gray, or brown during tooth development. Minocycline should not be used during tooth development. Tooth development occurs in the last half of pregnancy, and from birth to 8 years of age.

Intestinal infection (pseudomembranous colitis): Pseudomembranous colitis can occur with most antibiotics, including minocycline. Call your doctor right away if you have watery diarrhea, diarrhea that won’t go away, or bloody stools.

Serious liver problems: Stop taking minocycline and call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms of liver problems:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.
  • Unexplained bleeding
  • Confusion.
  • Drowsiness.

Central nervous system effects : Central nervous system effects, such as dizziness, vertigo, and feeling light-headed, may disappear during treatment with minocycline or if treatment is stopped.

Benign intracranial hypertension, also called pseudotumor cerebri – This is a condition where there is high pressure in the fluid around the brain. This swelling can lead to vision changes and permanent vision loss. Stop taking minocycline and tell your doctor right away if you have blurred vision, vision loss, or unusual headaches.

Stop taking minocycline and seek medical attention immediately if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Skin rash, hives, mouth sores or blisters, and scaly skin.
  • Swelling of the face, eyes, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing.

Do not take minocycline if you are allergic to drugs in the tetracycline class. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of these medications if you are not sure.

Avoid sunlight, sunlamps, and tanning beds. Minocycline can make your skin sensitive to the sun and the light from sunlamps and tanning beds. You could get severe sunburn.

Protect your skin while in sunlight.

You should not drive or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this medicine affects you. Minocycline can cause dizziness or lightheadedness , or a spinning sensation (vertigo).

Food interactions with minocycline

Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this can be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of minocycline, there are no specific foods that you should exclude from your diet when you receive this drug.

Inform your doctor

Before taking minocycline, tell your doctor if you:

  • Have kidney problems Your doctor may prescribe a lower dose of medicine.
  • You have liver problems.
  • You have diarrhea or watery stools.
  • You have vision problems.
  • You plan to have surgery under general anesthesia.
  • You have frequent yeast infections.
  • You have any other medical conditions.
  • You are a man, and you and your partner are trying to conceive a baby.
  • Are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
  • You are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
  • Tell your doctor about all other medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Minocycline and pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Minocycline can affect your unborn baby. Taking minocycline during pregnancy can cause serious side effects on the growth of your baby’s bones and teeth.

Talk to your doctor before taking minocycline if you plan to become pregnant, or if you are already taking minocycline and plan to become pregnant. Stop taking minocycline and call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking this medicine.

If you are a man, and you and your partner are trying to conceive a baby. You shouldn’t take minocycline.

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or if you plan to breastfeed. Minocycline passes into your milk and can harm or affect your baby’s development. You and your doctor must decide whether you will take minocycline or breastfeed. You should not do both.

Management

Take minocycline exactly as your doctor tells you.

Minocycline comes as a capsule, tablet, or tooth powder to treat gum disease.

Some minocycline products work best when taken on an empty stomach, an hour before or two hours after a meal. However, some products can be taken with food if an upset stomach occurs. Taking these minocycline products with food can lower your chances of getting irritation or ulcers in your esophagus.

Take this medicine with plenty of fluids to prevent damage to the esophagus.

Dose skip

Skipping doses or not taking all doses of minocycline can:

  • Make the treatment not work as expected.
  • The chances of bacteria becoming resistant to minocycline are increased.

Minocycline overdose

If you take too much minocycline, call your doctor or poison control center right away.

Other requirements

Store minocycline at room temperature between 59 ° F and 86 ° F (15 ° C to 30 ° C).

Keep minocycline and all medicines out of the reach of children.