Dorzolamide: Uses, Administration, Side Effects, Precautions and Storage

It is a medicine used to treat or lower high pressure inside the eye, which is caused by the following conditions:

  • Ocular hypertension
  • Glaucoma.
  • Other eye diseases.

Among the benefits that this medicine brings to the health of the patient is that it prevents blindness by reducing the amount of fluid that is inside the eye.


The patient should read the detailed information in the drug brochure to clarify any doubts they may have.

Generally, this drug is used as an average of one drop in the affected eye 3 times a day or as directed by your treating physician to cure the condition.

Before applying the drops, it is important that the patient wash their hands with soap and water to prevent or avoid contamination that can worsen the disease or delay the effects of the treatment, avoiding a short-term cure.

Under no circumstances should the patient touch the tip of the dropper or that it has contact with the eye or with any surface.

If the person who is being treated with Dorzolamide wears contact lenses, they must remove them to apply the treatment and wait at least 15 minutes to put them back in, in this way prevents the drug from being adsorbed by the lenses and not by the affected eye.

How to use

The patient should tilt his head back with his gaze upwards, then he should lower the lower eyelid to form a pocket, which will be the one that supports the liquid or the drop of the treatment.

Then you should hold the dropper towards your eye and apply the Dorzolamide drop. When the drop falls, you should close your eye for at least 1 to 2 minutes to ensure that the medicine has spread through the eye.

The patient cannot rub his eye or blink when applying the treatment because he runs the risk of missing the dose.

Subsequently, you must perform the same procedure in the other eye if necessary or recommended by the treating physician.

It is not necessary to rinse the dropper, or apply in soap and water after each application because they would increase the chances of contamination.

Even if the condition improves, the patient should continue with the treatment until it is finished to ensure its effectiveness because most people who suffer from high pressure focused on the eyes do not feel sick.

Side effects

In almost all the cases studied or registered, this drug does not generate serious side effects, however the patient may present the following symptoms:

  • Itchy eyelids.
  • Burning eyes.
  • Blurred vision temporarily.
  • Redness of the eye.
  • Watery or dry eyes
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Headache.
  • Bitter taste.

The patient should immediately contact their treating physician if they present these unusual symptoms:

  • Signs of kidney stones.
  • Changes in vision
  • Yellowish eyes or skin
  • Dark urine
  • Bruised appearance.
  • Unusual weakness
  • Sudden bleeding
  • Signs of infection
  • Throat pain.

It is important that anyone who has the following serious symptoms stops treatment with Dozolamide go to the nearest health center and contact their doctor immediately:

  • Persistent discharge from the eyes.
  • Eye pain
  • Perpetual redness in the eye
  • Inflammation of the eye or eyelids.
  • Eye bleeding


The patient should notify their physician of their medical history and possible drug allergies before starting Dorzolamide treatment.

They will also need to notify you if you have had the following conditions:

  • Kidney stones
  • Liver diseases
  • Kidney diseases.

The doctor must know if the patient has undergone eye surgery or if he has presented infections or eye diseases.

One of the side effects may be temporary blurred vision, therefore, patients should not drive at the time of being applied the treatment with Dorzolamide to prevent risk situations.

This medicine should be used only if it is strictly necessary during pregnancy. It is unknown whether its components can affect the development of the unborn.

If the patient is breastfeeding, you should ask your doctor if you can use this medicine because its components can pass into breast milk.


Dorzolamide should be stored under room temperature, it cannot be near moisture, heat, or sunlight.

Avoid keeping it near children or pets, since its use improperly can have counterproductive effects on health.

If this medicine unexpectedly changes color, develops small particles or becomes cloudy, the patient should discard it immediately, as it may be contaminated.