Some forms of this condition can cause ulcers or increase cancer risk.
Gastritis is the leading name used for any condition involving stomach lining inflammation.
It can be acute (occurs suddenly) or chronic (occurs over time). Different factors cause different types of gastritis.
For most people, gastritis is mild and will disappear quickly after treatment.
Your diet is essential for your digestive and general health. What you put in your stomach can make a difference in the health of your digestive system.
For example, some forms of gastritis are caused by drinking alcohol too often or too much at the same time. Avoiding some foods and drinks and eating others can help control the condition.
What to eat?
Some foods can help you control your gastritis and decrease symptoms. These include:
- Foods such as apples, oats, broccoli, carrots, and beans are rich in fiber.
- Low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and turkey breast.
- Foods with low acidity or more alkaline, such as vegetables.
- Drinks that are not carbonated.
- Drinks without caffeine.
- Probiotics such as kombucha, yogurt, kimchi and sauerkraut.
Some studies show that probiotics can help Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylorus is a bacterium that causes an infection in the digestive system that can cause gastritis or stomach ulcers.
Foods that should be avoided?
Foods to avoid with a gastritis diet:
Foods high in fat can worsen inflammation in the lining of the stomach. Some other foods to avoid because they can irritate the stomach are:
- Acid foods such as tomatoes and some fruits.
- Fruit juice.
- Fatty foods.
- Fried food.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Spicy food.
- Allergenic or symptomatic foods.
Gastritis diet with an ulcer:
Some types of gastritis can eventually cause an ulcer. If you have an ulcer, the type of diet you should take is similar to that of gastritis.
You should ensure a diet rich in vitamins with an ulcer. A healthy diet with foods full of vitamins facilitates the healing of the ulcer.
You can also talk to your doctor about eliminating milk from your diet, even if it seems to reduce the pain of the ulcer. It can make the pain worse later.
The types of gastritis have different causes. Some of these include:
Injury or severe illness:
The primary diseases or injuries can cause gastritis due to acute stress. A lesion in the body (not necessarily in the stomach) or a disease that affects blood flow increases the acid in the stomach.
Damage to the stomach lining:
Some of the following factors can cause this damage:
- Consumption of alcohol and various drugs.
- Aspirin and analgesics such as NSAIDs.
- Swallowing a corrosive substance.
- Bacterial or viral infections.
- Radioactive treatments in the upper part of the abdomen or the lower part of the thorax.
- Surgery to remove part of your stomach.
An infection caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori):
This bacterium causes infection. H. pylori is the most common cause of gastritis. Moreover, it is more common in less developed countries. It usually starts when you are a child.
Autoimmune diseases can also contribute to gastritis. This can occur when the immune system searches for your body’s healthy tissue in the stomach lining.
The evidence suggests that ingesting allergenic foods can trigger gastritis in those with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) (a gastrointestinal disorder). It would help if you worked with your doctor or board-certified allergist to determine food allergies.
Gastritis is treated with medications that include antacids. For gastritis caused by H. pylori, your doctor will also prescribe antibiotics.
You should also avoid taking anything that causes gastritis, such as alcohol, aspirin, or painkillers. Supplemental probiotics can also help control gastritis and prevent future episodes.
The time your gastritis will last to start treatment depends on the type, cause, and severity.