The Rinolalia Open, Closed and Mixed.
It is a speech disorder that is more commonly known as “speaking of the nose.” It is therefore a nasal voice due to the resonance of the voice in the nasal cavity caused by the obstruction or the exaggerated opening of the nose or nasopharynx. .
Rinolalia can be found in people who have a cleft lip (cleft palate), in people who have suffered a trauma or in case of paralysis of the soft palate (for example after a stroke).
It can be organic (due to a malformation such as cleft lip and palate) or functional (lack of soft palate tone due to the presence of adenoids or large tonsils).
Rinolalia is divided into three types: open, closed and mixed.
In some cases, neurological disorders are responsible for causing Rinolalia. Children affected with cerebral palsy increase the chances of developing this condition.
Children who suffer from cleft palate are also vulnerable.
The chance of developing this condition doubles when the child undergoes surgery to treat the cleft palate.
Similarly, it could develop if the child suffers from a genetic disease called Down syndrome .
How to identify Rinolalia
Parents can easily identify Rinolalia by observing the child’s ability to pronounce different words or letters.
Also, if your child has been diagnosed with any of the above-mentioned disorders or disease conditions, it is extremely crucial that you observe your child’s speech acutely and obtain appropriate treatment if necessary.
Since a large amount of air is passed through the nose, a mirror can be placed under the nose of the child in case of suspicion about this condition.
You could also contact a speech pathologist for this purpose. An expert in the field of speech therapy would be easily able to identify the condition by observing the child’s ability to speak and pronounce several words and letters.
He will use specific instruments to measure the amount of air that is passed out of the nose, which helps in identification and diagnosis.
In most cases, speech therapy is sufficient to treat the condition. The speech specialist could work with your child on a regular basis to correct his speech.
Time, practice and experience is all that is needed to treat the condition. This process can take several months or years, depending on when the condition was identified and the diagnosis. If the illness is severe, it will take more time for the child to resolve his speech problems.
Those who suffer from cleft palate also have a tendency to suffer hearing loss. This makes it difficult for the child to pick up certain letters or words, and to have a decrease in the fluency and ability with which he speaks.
In rare cases, speech therapy alone can not be enough. In these cases, the child may have to undergo surgery to treat the condition.
Timely treatment is crucial to getting rid of the condition. Parents and teachers of the school play a crucial role in detecting these symptoms as soon as possible.
With an early diagnosis, the child’s ability to correct his or her pronunciations is much faster and more accurate.