What is Agraphia: Types, Symptoms and Tips to Treat It

Definition: is the inability to write or spell due to motor problems or as a result of a neurological disorder of the brain.

Individuals with agraphia can not write, and those who can write something often have difficulty or inability to spell.

Agrafia coincides with other language disorders such as Alexia, apraxia, aphasia and agnosia.

The symptoms

People suffering from agrafia can have many symptoms, and not all people have all the symptoms.

Perhaps the most common symptom is the reluctance to write activities, which is due to the fact that writing is much more difficult for people with this disease.

People who are scribes often have problems with transposition, omit or add letters to words and their spelling suffers as a result.

In addition, their letters may seem to fly off the lines or be placed without order or structure, and lowercase letters may be interspersed with capital letters in a random fashion.

People with agraphia often prefer to write in italics instead of another style or type, their writing may seem illegible to others.

Many sufferers experience pain in the arm or hand at the time of writing.

They may also have muscle spasms when writing, keep a writing instrument oddly or in an awkward position, and write very quickly or (more rarely) very slowly.

Types of Agrafia

Frontal chart

When a person experiences frontal agraphy he usually has trouble forming the words, resulting in a writing that seems messy, sloppy or poorly done.

Alexia chart

Who suffers this type of agraphia has the inability to make the complete pattern or movement that is needed in writing.

They can not hold a pen correctly to write or do not know how to move their hands to form the letters.

Pura chart

When someone experiences pure agraphia, it turns out that they no longer remember how to write. Losing the letters and forgetting the letters of each word are signs of pure agraphia.

Agrafia Apraktica

Experiencing apráxica agraphia can lead a person to not being able to write more. Not being able to hold a pen and move your hand properly are all signs of this type of agraphia.

Space Agrafia

This type of agraphia makes the patient have the inability to write in a straight line. Written words can also be at an uncomfortable angle.


There is no treatment that can completely solve the effects of agraphia. Therapy is the most common way to reverse this disease.

Tips to treat it

  • Try to write the word as it sounds.
  • Select the spelling that you think is correct or close to correct.
  • Enter the spelling in an electronic spellchecker to see if it is correct or the alternative offered is correct.
  • Rewrite a paragraph with all the spelling corrections done.