Hemorrhage: Definition, Common Causes, Symptoms, Recommendations and Treatment

Also known as bleeding, it is used to describe blood loss.

Bleeding can be internal or external and can occur anywhere in the body. Internal bleeding happens when blood leaks through a damaged blood vessel or organ.

External bleeding occurs when blood comes out of a cut in the skin. Or it also happens when blood leaves through a natural opening in the body, such as:

  • Boca.
  • Vagina.
  • Right.
  • Nose.

What are the common causes of bleeding?

Bleeding is a common symptom. A variety of incidents or conditions can cause bleeding. Possible causes include:

Traumatic bleeding

An injury can cause traumatic bleeding. Common types of traumatic injuries include:

  • Abrasions or scratches that do not penetrate under the skin.
  • Hematomas.
  • Lacerations or incisions.
  • Punctures from items such as needles or knives.
  • Crush injuries.
  • Bullet wounds.

Medical conditions

Some medical conditions can cause bleeding. Bleeding due to a medical condition is less common than traumatic bleeding. Conditions that can cause bleeding include:

  • Hemophilia.
  • Leukemia.
  • Liver disease
  • Menorrhagia, heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  • Thrombocytopenia, low blood platelet count.
  • Von Willebrand disease.
  • Vitamin K deficiency.
  • Trauma cerebral.
  • Intestinal obstruction.
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Lung cancer.
  • Acute bronchitis.
  • Severe hypothermia.


Some medications can increase your chances of bleeding or even cause bleeding. Your doctor will warn you about this when he first prescribes the medicine. And they will tell you what to do if bleeding occurs.


Medications that may be responsible for the bleeding include:

  • Anticoagulant medications.
  • Antibiotics, when used long-term.
  • Radiation therapy
  • Aspirin.


Symptoms and signs of bleeding are as follows:

  • Decreased mental clarity.
  • Clammy skin
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Pale skin.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Fast heart rate and pulse.

Recommendations for seeking help?

Seek help if:

  • Suspicion of internal bleeding.
  • He has bleeding disorders and takes blood thinners.
  • The person has gone into shock or has a fever.
  • Bleeding cannot be controlled with pressure.
  • The wound requires a tourniquet.
  • A severe injury caused the bleeding.
  • The damage may need stitches to stop the bleeding.
  • Foreign objects are trapped inside the crack.
  • The wound appears to be infected, such as swelling or leaking yellow or brown fluid or has redness.
  • The injury occurred due to a bite from an animal or human.

How is bleeding treated?

A person can bleed to death in five minutes. Bystanders can save a life before emergency personnel can arrive.

First aid for traumatic bleeding

External traumatic bleeding can be treated. Seek emergency help if the patient has any emergency problems listed above. And also if you need help to stop the bleeding.

The bleeding person should stay calm to control the heart rate and blood pressure. If the heart rate or blood pressure is too high, the bleeding speed will increase.

Put the person to bed as soon as possible to reduce the risk of fainting. And try to elevate the area that is bleeding.

Remove loose dirt and foreign particles from the wound. Leave large objects such as knives, arrows, or weapons where they are. Removing these objects can cause more damage and will likely increase bleeding.

In this case, use bandages and pads to hold the object in place and absorb the bleeding.

Use the following to put pressure on the wound:

  • Clean clothes.
  • Bandage.
  • Her hands.

Maintain medium pressure until the bleeding slows and stops.

Do not remove the fabric when the bleeding stops. Use duct tape or clothing to wrap the bandage and hold it in place. Then put a cold pack on the wound.

Do not remove the cloth from the wound, even if blood seeps through the material. Add more material on top and continue pressing.

Do not move anyone with an injury to:

  • Head.
  • Neck.
  • Back.
  • Leg.

Do not apply pressure to an eye injury.

Use tourniquets only as a last resort. An experienced person should apply the tourniquet. To apply a tourniquet, follow these steps:

  • Identify where to place the tourniquet. Apply it to a limb between the heart and the bleeding.
  • Make the tourniquet using bandages, if possible. Wrap them around the stem, and tie half a knot.
  • Make sure there is enough room to tie another knot with the loose ends.
  • Place a stick or rod between the two knots.
  • Twist the stick to tighten the bandage.
  • Secure the tourniquet in place with tape or cloth.
  • Check the tourniquet every 10 minutes. If the bleeding decreases enough to be controlled with pressure, release the tourniquet and apply direct pressure.

Medical care

You will need emergency medical attention if:

  • The bleeding is caused by a severe injury.
  • The bleeding cannot be controlled.
  • The bleeding is internal.

Paramedics will try to control the bleeding before rushing you to the hospital. In some cases, care can be taken at home or by using a stretcher. The treatment required will depend on the cause of the bleeding.

In rare cases, surgery may be required to stop the bleeding.

What are the consequences of untreated bleeding?

A medical professional should see anyone who experiences unexplained or uncontrolled bleeding.

Traumatic bleeding

If an injury or accident causes bleeding, it can be stopped with first aid. The wound will heal without further care.

Medical bleeding

If a medical condition causes bleeding and the state is not identified or diagnosed, the bleeding is likely to return.

Any bleeding that continues without medical treatment could be fatal. If someone loses one-third to one-half of their whole blood, they could bleed to death. But bleeding out is rare.

Exsanguination or bleeding to death can occur without external bleeding. Catastrophic internal bleeding can cause tremendous blood loss, as can aneurysms.