Dyspepsia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is dyspepsia? and how can we avoid its symptoms?

Dyspepsia is a prevalent condition in people and generally describes a group of symptoms instead of a predominant symptom. Most people will experience some symptoms of dyspepsia in their lives.

Among its symptoms, we have:

  • Stomach pain or discomfort
  • Swelling.
  • Loss of appetite (Hyporexia can cause due to loss of appetite.)
  • Acidity.
  • Regurgitation
  • Belching
  • Feeling full after eating.
  • Sickness.

Common causes of these symptoms include:

  • Stomach cancer.
  • Reflux is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or a hiatus hernia.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Inability to process and digest milk and other dairy products (lactose intolerance).
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Gallbladder pain or inflammation.
  • Side effects of caffeine, alcohol, or medication.

Examples of medications that can cause dyspepsia are aspirin and other similar drugs, antibiotics, steroids, digoxin, and theophylline.


Some changes we can make to our lifestyle can help us to alleviate the symptoms of dyspepsia. Here are some tips you can try to improve the symptoms:

  • Change your eating habits while maintaining a balanced diet.
  • It is best to eat six small meals instead of two or three large meals.
  • After eating, wait for 2 to 3 hours before bedtime. Snacks at night are not a good idea.
  • Chocolate, mint, and alcohol can make the condition worse.
  • Spicy foods, which have many acids (such as tomatoes and oranges), and coffee can make dyspepsia worse in some people. If your symptoms worsen after eating certain foods, you may want to stop eating those foods to see if your symptoms improve.
  • Avoid smoking cigarettes or tobacco.
  • If you suffer from symptoms at night, raise the head of the bed a few inches by placing blocks or a piece of foam under the authority of your mattress.
  • Do not wear tight clothes.
  • Lose weight if necessary. The loss of only 5 to 10 pounds can help.

The treatment depends on the cause of the problem. If no specific reason is found, the treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms with medication.