What Causes Cardiac Arrhythmia: Symptoms and How to Treat It

Learn to detect a Cardiac Arrhythmia and take care of your heart.

An irregular heartbeat is an arrhythmia. Heart rates can also be irregular. A normal heart rate is 50 to 100 beats per minute. Arrhythmias and abnormal heart rhythms do not necessarily occur together.

Arrhythmias can occur with a normal heart rate, or with slow heart rates (less than 50 beats per minute). Arrhythmias can also occur with a rapid heart rhythm (called tachyarrhythmias – more than 100 beats per minute). More than 850,000 people each year are hospitalized for an arrhythmia only in the United States.

What causes an arrhythmia?

Arrhythmias can be caused by many different factors, including:

  • Diseases of the coronary arteries.
  • Imbalances of electrolytes in the blood (such as sodium or potassium).
  • The changes in the heart muscle.
  • Injury in a heart attack.
  • The healing and healing process after cardiac surgery.
  • Irregular rhythms of the heart can also occur in “normal and healthy” hearts.

What are the symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias?

An arrhythmia can be silent and not cause any symptoms. The doctor will detect irregular heartbeats during a physical examination by pulse or by electrocardiogram (ECG) .

Symptoms of an arrhythmia may include:

  • Palpitations (feeling of beating heart has stopped, fluttering, or feeling that your heart is “running”).
  • Very strong beats.
  • Dizziness.
  • Fainting.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Chest discomfort
  • Weakness or fatigue (feeling very tired).

How can we treat arrhythmias of the heart?

The treatment depends on the severity and type of the arrhythmia. Some people do not require treatment. For others, treatments may include medications, make lifestyle changes, or undergo surgical procedures.

It is medically proven that changes in lifestyle can reduce and improve cardiac arrhythmias, among other activities that you can perform, it is suggested:

  1. If you notice that your arrhythmias occur more often with certain activities, avoid them.
  2. Avoid the cigarette
  3. Limit the consumption of alcohol.
  4. Limit the use of caffeine. Some people manifest sensitivity to caffeine and may notice more symptoms when using caffeinated products (such as coffee, tea, soft drinks, and some over-the-counter medications).

Stay away from the stimulants used for coughs and colds. Some medications contain ingredients that promote irregular heart rhythms. Read the label and ask your doctor or pharmacist what medicine would be best for you.