Vegetables and Their Main Compounds Necessary for Good Health

They provide health benefits and are essential for disease prevention.

Vegetables contain various nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Eating the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables every day can reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

What beneficial compounds are found primarily in vegetables?

Most supplements appear to be derived from plants (of which vegetables are simply the tasty plants), and different plants are sources of some interesting bioactive.

Vegetables are a source of various phytochemicals (plant-signifiers and chemicals that refer to the fact that they are molecules). Some occur naturally in almost all plants, while others occur only in some families of plants.

These compounds are sometimes called phytonutrients, phytoalexins, or phytochemicals, among other things.

Each definition differs slightly, but they tend to refer to the same compounds.

Phytonutrients in most plants

The phytonutrients found in a wide range of plants to varying degrees are:


  • Kaempferol.
  • Apigenin.
  • Quercetin.
  • Myricetin.

Compounds found in certain plants

Pyrroloquinoline quinone is found in high levels in teas and some spices.

Green tea catechins, or the epicatechin family, belong to anything derived from the Camellia Sinensis plant.

This includes:

  • Green tea.
  • White tea.
  • Black tea.
  • He has oolong.

Isothiocyanates, including diindolylmethane, are found primarily in Brassica vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, or kale.

Brassinosteroids are also found in the Brassica family and at the highest levels in mustard.

Can vegetables give me those healthy compounds?

Although there are no panaceas or panacea tricks in nutrition, vegetables come close. That being said, they alone cannot make the best diet.

Keep in mind that healthy compounds are found primarily in meat that cannot be obtained from vegetables.

More about vegetables

Vegetables are also rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid, fiber, and potassium. Folate helps the body make red blood cells.

It is essential for women of childbearing age to eat folate-rich foods such as bell peppers, tomatoes, and spinach to prevent neural tube defects in babies.

Foods rich in vitamin A like sweet potatoes, carrots, and squash help maintain healthy skin and eyes and protect against infection. It is recommended to eat 2 1/2 cups of vegetables per day.

It has been established that high fiber vegetables can reduce the chances of developing coronary heart disease. Eating potassium-rich foods like potatoes can help lower blood pressure, slow bone loss, and prevent kidney stone development.

Most vegetables are low in fat and calories, none have cholesterol, and many are excellent fiber sources.

The high levels of fiber in vegetables keep the digestive system healthier, allowing you to avoid problems with constipation. Because they are low in calories, they will enable us to eat many vegetables without consuming excess energy.

The presence of many vitamins and other substances in vegetables provides nutrients to the body. Vegetables provide essential amino acids that the body needs to survive.

A simple meal of spinach, beans, and whole-grain rice is a great way to treat your body correctly.

This gives us a natural feeling of vitality and energy to be more active, helping to burn more energy each day. Vegetables also add wonderful flavors to your diet.

Vegetables are categorized according to their type and taste.

Bulb vegetables

  • Chives
  • She.
  • Leeks
  • Onions.
  • Chives
  • Charlotte.
  • Water chestnuts.
  • Rabano.
  • Neighbor.
  • Fennel.
  • Beetroot.
  • Carrot.

Vegetable fruit

  • Avocados
  • Chayote.
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant.
  • Olives
  • Peppers.
  • Tomatoes.
  • Tomatillo.