Concept and Meaning of Menarche: Previous Symptoms and the Menstrual Cycle

Definition: the first menstruation is called menarche.

Usually, this starts between the ages of 11 and 14. But it can happen as early as nine years or as late as 15.

If you are a teenager, consult your doctor if you have not begun to have periods at 15 years. Menarche is a sign that the girl is growing and becoming a woman. Along with the beginning of your period, your body is changing.

She has begun to develop breasts, pubic hair, and armpit hair. And the hips have started to increase in size.

Menarche also means that if you have sex, you can get pregnant. You can even get pregnant in the month before the beginning of the first period.

Some previous symptoms?

In the days before the first period begins, you may feel physical or emotional tension. You may gain weight and feel bloated.

You may have pain (cramps) in your abdomen, back, or legs that last a few hours. Your breasts may be sensitive.


When the period starts, you will notice a bloodstain on your underwear or when you use the bathroom. The blood flow from the vagina is usually light at first and may become heavier for a few days before the progressive reduction.

The blood may be brownish at first and then become brighter red. Your menstrual period can last from 3 to 7 days each month.

What can be done?

You can consult with the women of the family, a doctor, or a woman you trust to recommend the use of feminine products, such as tampons or sanitary napkins.

A tampon that fits inside the vagina is suitable for use when swimming or doing other physical activities. The pads have adhesive strips that help keep inside the underwear. You will have to change tampons and towels regularly.

No one will be able to say when you will have your first period. If the teenager has cramps, regular exercise, a warm pad, a warm bath, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen may help.

Be safe with medications. Read and follow all instructions on the label. If you are younger than 20, you should not take aspirin. Aspirin increases the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a condition that severely affects vital organs. If these treatments do not help, you can talk with your doctor about prescription medications.

The menstrual cycle

The period is part of the menstrual cycle, from the first day of the period to the first day of the next period. A normal menstrual cycle in adolescents can be from 21 days to 45 days.

The cycle may not be regular for the first year or two and may not have a period. If the adolescent is underweight due to diet or exercise, or a large amount of stress in her life, or is overweight, her periods may be difficult to predict.

Maintaining a calendar and marking the day that begins each month is beneficial. This can help you predict when you will have your next period, and it is also useful when talking to your doctor.

The menstrual cycle makes it possible for a person to become pregnant. Around the middle of each process, you will ovulate, which means that one of your ovaries releases an egg. You may have a slight vaginal discharge or some blood spots when you ovulate.