Sleeping Medications: Recommendations and Types

Medications for insomnia and some recommendations for sleep:

  • The drugs for sale not controlled.
  • Hypnotics not benzodiazepines.
  • Hypnotics – benzodiazepines.
  • The sedative antidepressants.
  • Dietary product.
  • Free use sleeping pills.

Sleeping pills are not new: many centuries ago, the infusions of various herbs were used to induce sleep. In the early twentieth century, barbiturates emerged, and by the 1960s, benzodiazepines were started .

The most modern sleeping pills do not have the same risk of dependence and lethal overdose during the consumption of these. But there is still the risk, especially in people with liver or kidney disease.

In general, sleeping pills can be divided into five main categories: (1) uncontrolled sales, (2) non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, (3) benzodiazepine hypnotics, (4) sedative antidepressants, and (5) nutritional supplements.

Sleeping medications for sale not controlled

There are several drugs that induce sleep , from decongestants to remedies with propolium that can be bought without a prescription. Most of these medications can cause dry mouth and prolonged dizziness, and are not considered safe for pregnant or lactating women.

As with any other sedative drug effect, these medications should not be taken by people who drive, operate machinery with heavy equipment.

Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics

These types of drugs are one of the new kinds of sleeping pills. They act by calming the central nervous system, which in turn induces sleep. Because it is rapidly metabolized, the risk of drowsiness the next day is lower.

The main drugs in this class of hypnotics include zolpidem tartrate, zaleplon and eszopiclone. Although they are effective in producing quality sleep, some strange components of these medications can cause several side effects such as dry mouth, dizziness, severe allergic reactions, sleepwalking, abdominal cramping, headache, nausea, vomiting and loss of consciousness. sexual appetite

The non – benzodiazepine hypnotics are not considered safe for pregnant women, nursing mothers, people with a history of liver problems or kidney problems, respiratory depression, alcoholism.

Benzodiazepine hypnotics

They are the oldest class of sleeping pills. They cause more side effects on the day than more modern hypnotics and have a higher risk of addiction. Other relatively frequent adverse effects are intolerance to light, dizziness, euphoria, episodes of amnesia, diarrhea, nausea, sleepwalking and blurred vision. Like other sedatives, hypnotics, benzodiazepines should not be used by pregnant women, breast-feeding women, or people with a history of drug addiction, depression or respiratory diseases. Use in elderly people should be done with caution and medications should never be discontinued immediately.

Anti-depressant sedatives

Some medications used in the treatment of depression (for example: trazodone, amitriptyline, nortriptyline) can relieve insomnia when taken in small doses. The most common side effects of these medications include sweating, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, headaches, dizziness and blurred vision.

Sedative antidepressants are not considered safe for pregnant women and people with a history of heart problems or high blood pressure.

Dietary supplements

As most sleep drugs have a number of unwanted limitations and side effects, scientists have tried to develop less harmful supplements that can produce the same effects. One of the most popular is a hormone called melatonin.

Melatonin acts by regulating the body’s internal clock, causing sleep. Unfortunately, this hormone has not yet been thoroughly studied and it is thought that some side effects may occur, such as dizziness, headaches and heartburn.

Other natural supplements (eg, valerian, chamomile, hops, etc.) have been shown to be effective in early studies, but many researchers say it is too early to draw conclusions about their effectiveness, and more tests are needed to determine their effectiveness. Real role in the treatment of insomnia.

If, despite all the changes in your habits, you still can not get sleep at night, sleeping pills may be the only way you will manage to fall asleep.