Medications for insomnia and some recommendations for sleep:
- The drugs for sale are not controlled.
- Hypnotics not benzodiazepines.
- Hypnotics – benzodiazepines.
- The sedative antidepressants.
- Dietary product.
- Free use of sleeping pills.
Sleeping pills are not new: many centuries ago, the infusions of various herbs were used to induce sleep. In the early twentieth century, barbiturates emerged, and by the 1960s, benzodiazepines were started.
Most modern sleeping pills do not have the same risk of dependence and lethal overdose as consuming these. But there is still the risk, especially in people with liver or kidney disease.
In general, sleeping pills can be divided into five main categories: (1) uncontrolled sales, (2) non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, (3) benzodiazepine hypnotics, (4) sedative antidepressants, and (5) nutritional supplements.
Sleeping medications for sale are not controlled.
Several drugs induce sleep, from decongestants to remedies with propidium that can be bought without a prescription. These medications can cause dry mouth and prolonged dizziness and are not considered safe for pregnant or lactating women.
As with any other sedative drug effect, people who drive or operate machinery with heavy equipment should not take these medications.
These types of drugs are one the new kinds of sleeping pills. They act by calming the central nervous system, which induces sleep. Because it is rapidly metabolized, the risk of drowsiness the next day is lower.
The main drugs in this class of hypnotics include zolpidem tartrate, zaleplon, and eszopiclone. Although they effectively produce quality sleep, some strange components of these medications can cause several side effects: dry mouth, dizziness, severe allergic reactions, sleepwalking, abdominal cramping, headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of consciousness. sexual appetite
The non – benzodiazepine hypnotics are not considered safe for pregnant women, nursing mothers, people with a history of liver problems or kidney problems, respiratory depression, or alcoholism.
They are the oldest class of sleeping pills. They cause more side effects on the day than more modern hypnotics and have a higher risk of addiction. Other relatively frequent adverse effects are intolerance to light, dizziness, euphoria, episodes of amnesia, diarrhea, nausea, sleepwalking, and blurred vision. Like other sedatives, hypnotics, benzodiazepines should not be used by pregnant women, breastfeeding women, or people with a history of drug addiction, depression, or respiratory diseases. Use in older adults should be done with caution, and medications should never be discontinued immediately.
Some medications used in treating depression (trazodone, amitriptyline, nortriptyline) can relieve insomnia when taken in small doses. These medications’ most common side effects include sweating, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, headaches, dizziness, and blurred vision.
Sedative antidepressants are not considered safe for pregnant women and people with a history of heart problems or high blood pressure.
As most sleep drugs have several unwanted limitations and side effects, scientists have tried to develop less harmful supplements that can produce the same results. One of the most popular is a hormone called melatonin.
Melatonin acts by regulating the body’s internal clock, causing sleep. Unfortunately, this hormone has not yet been thoroughly studied, and it is thought that some side effects may occur, such as dizziness, headaches, and heartburn.
Other natural supplements (e.g., valerian, chamomile, hops, etc.) are effective in early studies. Still, many researchers say it is too early to conclude their effectiveness, and more tests are needed to determine their effectiveness—a fundamental role in treating insomnia.