Kidney Kidney: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

The kidneys represent a real organ as a natural filter responsible for cleaning the blood, detoxifying, and purifying it.

The disposal of toxins regulates blood pressure and hydro-solver balance, prompting the development of red blood cells.

The grit of the kidney is a group of salts that clump together and form compounds until they form fine particles deposited in the kidney. When they agglomerate into larger structures, they are called stones.

The presence of stones and grit in the kidneys cause the development of urolithiasis or urolethyza.

The discomfort with urinating and the presence of pain in the kidney area give indications of the beginning of a renal ailment that evidences the presence of grit in the kidney.

A diagnosis in time prevents the appearance of more renal severe pathologies, whose treatment is quite long and has many nuances.

Causes of kidney grit

Due to the kidney’s detoxifying function, it is common for urine to contain many impurities.


These can be grouped to form crystals, giving rise to the presence of kidney grit, which in the long term can regroup, giving rise to the appearance of kidney stones as a final product.

Its causes are varied, the most common are poor diet and insufficient fluid intake daily, but there are other causes or risk factors that may cause its appearance, such as:

  • Existence of a genetic predisposition.
  • Kidney injuries or chronic kidney disease.
  • Perturbation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism caused by hypofunction or hyperthyroidism.
  • Chronic and acute diseases of the urogenital organs.
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol, salt, spicy foods, and fried foods.
  • Presence of diseases such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia.
  • Bone tissue diseases include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and disorders such as vitamin D hypovitaminosis.
  • Sedentary and obesity.
  • Water consumption is of poor quality and unbalanced in chemical composition.
  • Delay in the flow of urine.


The disease usually appears in patients between 20 and 50 years.

At first, the appearance of the kidney grit is asymptomatic, but symptoms such as:

  • Changes in the color of urine. It is cloudy and dark and sometimes emits a bad smell.
  • Pain in the kidney is reflected in the upper abdominal cavity or near the navel.
  • Frequent urination of urination, pain, and discomfort in the genitals.
  • An increase in body temperature.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Generalized weakness
  • Swelling and cramps
  • Pain in the area of ​​the genitals

The grit of the kidney accumulates, decreasing the normal flow of urine; consequently, the infection begins, and the inflammatory process increases the temperature.

Also, when the grit of the kidney is expelled through the urine, they move through the urinary tract causing damage and irritation, giving rise to pain or renal colic.

This causes a frequent and painful urge to go to the bathroom, sometimes even producing bleeding mixed with urine.

Diagnosis of kidney grit

In the diagnosis of kidney grit, various tests are used, such as:

Renal Ultrasound: It allows to determine the shape and position of the kidneys with great precision and evaluate the condition of the pelvis, the calyx, and the thickness of the parenchyma.

Nephrolithiasis and the formation of salts or grit are diagnosed under the ultrasound test. However, this procedure can fail when the amount of sand is minimal.

X-ray, magnetic resonance, or computed tomography: To perform the differential diagnosis, these research methods are used that are more accurate.

Laboratory tests, general analysis, and biochemistry: They are used to identify associated pathological conditions, such as the inflammatory process, anemia, biochemical indicators, creatinine, urea, and uric acid.

It is also evaluated in a salt diagnosis; pH, the color of urine, microscopy of sediments, cellular elements, and epithelium.

Treatment of kidney grit

After analysis and once the diagnosis is made, a treatment is prescribed that includes:

  • Low salt diet
  • Do not consume acidic foods, vegetables, fruits, cocoa, or tomatoes. Eat cabbages, peas, and squash.
  • Do not consume dairy products and vegetable broths.
  • Consume at least two liters of water per day.


  • Crystal: Diminishes inflammation, improves renal blood circulation, has diuretic effects, relieves spasms of blood vessels, and promotes the excretion of oxalic acid, calcium salts, and hydroxyproline.
  • Kanefron: It is used as analgesics, antispasmodic antioxidants and diuretics. The therapeutic effect on the glomerular and tubular system of the kidneys decreases the release of proteins in the urine and improves reabsorption, has bactericidal action.
  • Furama: It has a broad spectrum of antibacterial action.
  • Antibiotics:  In case of a bacterial infection, like, Ceftriaxone.