Inflammation of Ovaries: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

What does it consist of?

Ovarian inflammation is a popular term that means inflammation of the ovaries or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Inflammation affects multiple pelvis organs, including the uterus, endometrium, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and possibly the abdominal wall or peritoneum.

Inflammation in the ovaries is most often caused by bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases. A cold or flu does not cause inflammation of the ovaries, but they are a risk factor. The cold weakens the body, which facilitates infection.

The inflamed state of the ovaries is indicated by an increase in heat and pain at pressure. The pain in the ovarian region is sometimes intermittent, sometimes constant, and from time to time, it passes down to the loins and thighs.

There are acute and chronic inflammations of the organs, But it will be precise enough.

The effects of inflammation of the ovaries, as on other organs, are several; sometimes they increase and become more challenging to treat, sometimes collapsing and seriously affecting.


This last effect cuts off all hope of having children.

Ovaries: a vital organ

The ovaries are an essential part of the female reproductive system. It is a pair of gonads that form the female gametes, ovules, and female sex hormones, estrogens and progestogens. The ovaries are located in the pelvis on both sides of the uterus.

In their proximity are the fallopian tubes, which approach the ovaries during ovulation to capture the released ovum. The female ovulation is when a mature ovum leaves the ovary and is ready for fertilization by the male gametes, the sperm.

A fertilized egg can develop in the middle of the uterus in a human being. If the ovum is not fertilized, the ovum disappears.

Causes of ovarian inflammation

The most common causes of ovarian inflammation are two bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea (cause gonorrhea). These bacteria are sexually transmitted.

The infection extends upward from the cervix to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries and can also penetrate the peritoneum or abdominal wall.

The risk factors for inflammation in the ovaries are many, sexual partners and unprotected sex or without condoms.

Sitting in cold places supports the development of ovarian inflammation, and therefore we should avoid sitting on the hard floor.


A typical symptom of inflammation of the ovaries is spasmodic pain from mild to severe in the lower abdomen. Sometimes there is pain during sexual intercourse, which may be associated with bleeding, as well as pain during urination, malodorous yellowish discharge, or prolonged menstruation.

The general symptoms are sometimes high temperatures, fever, nausea, and vomiting. If there is any suspicion or presence of these symptoms, consult your doctor as soon as possible. It is essential to start treating the ovaries wholly and early.

When there is a delay in treatment or inadequate treatment, there is a risk of complications, including inflammatory adhesions, ovarian cysts, abscess, torsion, or ovarian rotation. Abscess means a cavity filled with pus.

Due to inflammatory adhesions, problems associated with blocked fallopian tubes and emptying of urine or stool develop. If the fallopian tubes are blocked, there is an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy or partial or complete infertility.


Early diagnosis and immediate treatment of ovarian inflammation are essential. Otherwise, there is a risk of developing the complications above. The doctor performs a gynecological examination, laboratory, and possibly ultrasound examination.

During the gynecological examination, cervical pain is detected, the pain in the lower part of the abdomen and the ovaries. It is essential to take a sample of the cervix. The model is sent to a laboratory for the determination of inflammatory agents.

The sensitivity of bacterial pathogens to antibiotics is also investigated. In addition, they investigate if there are enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area. The patient’s blood samples are analyzed in the laboratory, confirming inflammation in the body.

In addition, urine can be tested for infections of the urinary tract and kidneys, and the doctor can also test for other sexually transmitted diseases, including syphilis and HIV.

During the ultrasound examination, the doctor looks for complications of ovarian inflammation.

Treatment of ovarian inflammation

The treatment of inflammation is based on the administration of antibiotics. Antibiotics are chosen so they are effective in both types of bacteria.

Alternatively, the treatment is adjusted according to the sensibility detected. It is essential always to use a total dose of the antibiotics and continue the treatment even when the symptoms disappear; otherwise, the disease may return.

Bed rest and sufficient fluid intake are also recommended. Since the inflammation in the early stages is excruciating, analgesics are used. The treatment of the sexual partner is necessary to prevent the transmission of the infection.

In the case of inflammatory adhesions, abscesses, or larger cysts, surgical removal is performed. The most widely used method is laparoscopic surgery.

During laparoscopy, the doctor makes some small holes in the abdomen. Tools are placed, a light source and a camera connected to a television screen in which the doctor controls the elimination of these complications.


The prevention of inflammation of the ovaries is mainly to reduce the likelihood of sexually transmitted infections. It is primarily the use of barrier contraception and condoms.

Also, good prevention is the reduction of sexual partners, incredibly random ones. It is important to emphasize that you should look for your gynecologist if you feel pain in your lower abdomen. Do not underestimate ovarian inflammation, as it can have serious consequences.