Defining Menorrhagia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Menorrhagia is a condition that affects many women.

Prolonged or painful menstrual periods are the most common abnormal uterine bleeding in menstruating women. These periods are considered heavy if the woman has enough blood to soak a towel or a tampon every hour for several consecutive hours.

Your symptoms?

Other symptoms of an intense and painful period may include:

  • Bleeding during the night requires getting up to change sanitary pads or tampons.
  • Eliminate large blood clots during menstruation.
  • A menstrual period that lasts more than seven days. In severe cases, heavy menstruation may interfere with sleep and daily activities.
  • Loss of blood for prolonged periods can also lead to anemia, which causes symptoms such as fatigue and shortness of breath.

Why does menorrhagia occur?

There are many possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding. They include:

  • The hormonal imbalance, especially in estrogen and progesterone, is a hormonal imbalance that can also occur if there is a problem in the function of the ovaries.
  • Fibroids or non-cancerous tumors of the uterus; These fibroids usually occur during the reproductive years.
  • Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy – the implantation of a fertilized ovum outside the uterus, for example, in the fallopian tube.
  • The use of anticoagulants.
  • Problems with a non-hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) used for birth control.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) occurs as the infection of the uterus, the fallopian tubes, and the organs of the entire reproductive system.
  • Cervical and ovarian cancer; are rare but possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Other medical conditions that can prevent normal blood clotting include liver, kidney, thyroid disease, and bleeding or platelet disorders.

Is there any treatment for menorrhagia?

If you have heavy menstrual bleeding, it is essential to consult your doctor to determine the cause. The treatment will depend on the cause of the bleeding.

Medication treatment for menorrhagia may include one or more of the following:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs without steroids, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, reduce the amount of blood loss and help with the pain.
  • To regulate menstrual cycles or hormonal imbalances, hormone therapy stabilizes the endometrium (lining the uterus).
  • The hormone that secretes the IUD (Mirena).
  • Lysteda (tranexamic acid) is a non-hormonal medication that promotes blood coagulation.