Care During Pregnancy: Terms, Definitions and Principles

The primary care in pregnancy.

The prenatal period is the mother’s preparation time, both physically and psychologically. It is a moment of great anxiety, excitement, and learning. The best way to guarantee the health of the future mother and her baby is through early prenatal care. Timely supervision will allow health professionals to identify and possibly treat maternal disorders that may develop during pregnancy.

Terms and definitions

Forced abortion. Miscarriage; specifically refers to the loss of the fetus in the fourth month.

Placental abruption. The premature separation of a placenta is typically implanted.

Previous placenta. The placenta is implanted in the lower segment of the uterus, which covers the internal orifice of the cervix.

Toxoplasmosis Congenital disease is characterized by central nervous system lesions that can lead to blindness, brain defects, and death.

Principles of prenatal care

Prenatal care refers to medical supervision, and nursing pregnancy is provided between conception and the onset of labor.


During the first visit, the objectives are to confirm the diagnosis of pregnancy and start the data collection process to start prenatal care. These objectives include:

  • The prevention of complications.
  • The modification of those complications that may occur.
  • Support the patient to carry the baby to term and have a healthy baby.
  • Education of the mother and her family by the role of parents.

Health professionals involved in the administration of prenatal care include:


They are mainly involved in diagnosing normal and abnormal conditions associated with the procreating cycle.

Nursing staff

They serve as teachers, counselors, and resource personnel. They have the responsibility to develop and implement nursing care plans.

Choice of Health Professionals

The pregnant patient is responsible for choosing the type of person she prefers to consult for supervision and prenatal care. She can choose a private obstetrician, family doctor, or nurse-midwife, but the main concern is whether the person who determines meets their goals, wishes, and expectations.

Early attention

Timely competent care is essential for the patient to avoid unnecessary risks to herself and her baby.