Stenosis of the Aortic Valve: Definition, Symptoms and Treatments

Aortic valve stenosis – or aortic stenosis – is caused by the narrowing of the heart’s aortic valve.

This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which obstructs the flow of blood from the heart to the aorta and the rest of your body.

When the aortic valve is blocked, your heart has to work harder to pump blood into your body. Over time, this additional work limits the amount of blood that can pump and can weaken the heart muscle.

  • If you have severe or severe aortic valve stenosis, you will usually need surgery to replace the valve.
  • If the aortic stenosis is left untreated, it can lead to other serious heart problems.

What are your symptoms?

Aortic stenosis can range from mild to severe. Its signs and symptoms usually develop when the valve narrowing is painful and may include:

  • Pain in the chest (angina) or feeling of oppression.
  • Feeling faint or fainting with effort.
  • Difficulty breathing, especially with the action.
  • Fatigue, especially during times of most significant activity.
  • Heart palpitations – feelings of a rapid heartbeat, fluttering.
  • I blow in the heart.

The weakening of the heart due to aortic stenosis can lead to heart failure. The signs and symptoms of heart failure include swelling in the feet and ankles, shortness of breath, and fatigue.

Aortic stenosis often does not produce warning signs or symptoms immediately, so it isn’t easy to detect at first.

Nor can it be recognized that a person is experiencing symptoms. The disease is often discovered during a routine physical exam when the doctor hears an abnormal heart sound (heart murmur). This murmur can occur long before other signs and symptoms.


Because it happens? What is its cause?

As we explained at the beginning, it is the narrowing of the aortic valve. Many things can reduce this way of passage between the heart and the aorta. The causes of aortic valve stenosis include:

Congenital heart defect. The aortic valve comprises three flaps that seal hermetically triangularly shaped tissue called valves.

Some children are born with an aortic valve that has only one (unicuspid), two (bicuspid), or four (quadricuspid) – not three. This deformity may not cause any problems until adulthood, at which time the valve can begin to reduce and may need to be repaired or replaced.

The accumulation of calcium in the valve. Heart valves can accumulate calcium deposits (calcification of the aortic valve).

Calcium is a mineral found in the blood. Calcium deposits can accumulate in the valve leaflets when blood repeatedly flows on the aortic valve. These deposits may not cause any problems.

Rheumatic fever . A complication of streptococcal throat infection, rheumatic fever, can lead to scar tissue formation in the aortic valve. Scar tissue alone can reduce the aortic valve and lead to aortic valve stenosis.

Scar tissue can also create a rough surface in which calcium deposits can be collected, contributing to aortic valve stenosis in the future.

Do you have a cure or treatment?

Medications can sometimes relieve the symptoms of aortic stenosis. However, the only way to eliminate aortic valve stenosis is surgery to repair or replace the valve and open the form.

Surgery is not always needed immediately. Once the results reveal that the person has mild to moderate aortic valve stenosis and has no symptoms, the doctor will periodically check the heart to carefully monitor the valve to perform the surgery at the appropriate time.

At follow-up visits, the doctor will review the medical history and perform a physical examination. The doctor can also talk about the symptoms and what to expect as the disease progresses.


There are no drugs that can reverse aortic stenosis. However, the doctor may prescribe certain medications to help your symptoms, such as reducing fluid buildup, decreasing heart rate, or controlling heart rhythm disturbances associated with aortic stenosis.

Reducing blood pressure can prevent or delay the development of aortic stenosis.