Vasectomy: Effectiveness, How It’s Done, Side Effects, Questions and Answers

It is an operation performed on men so that their partners can not get pregnant.

The procedure, which can be performed in a doctor’s office without being wholly sedated, prevents the sperm from leaving the testicles. Without sperm entering the woman, she will not get pregnant.

Your doctor may call it “male sterilization.” Men can still have an orgasm or ejaculate later.

Below we will see a series of questions and answers which will clarify several questions that many people have about vasectomy.

How effective is it?

It is almost 100% effective. In sporadic cases, the ducts of man, called vas deferens, can rejoin. In those cases, a pregnancy could happen.

Remember that sperm can still come out for a moment after a vasectomy. So be sure to get the follow-up test to verify it and to know when you can stop using another contraceptive method just in case.

How is a vasectomy done?

The surgeon makes a small cut on the top of the scrotum, under the penis, and then stakes, ties, or blocks the vas deferens. You will sew the surgical cuts, and you will go home immediately.


Some men get a “no-scalpel” vasectomy, which uses tiny holes instead of cuts and does not require stitches.

What happens next?

You will probably feel sore for a few days. You should rest for at least one day. However, you can expect to recover completely in less than a week. Many men have the procedure on a Friday and return to work on Monday.

When can a man have sex again after surgery?

Wait a few days and use a contraceptive method until you get a test that shows that your semen does not have sperm. This test can be done after having 10-20 ejaculations after the vasectomy.

If the results show that you still have semen in your semen, your doctor will ask you to return at a later date to retake the test. That is the only way you will know if you have worked.

Is it irreversible?

In some cases, it is possible. However, reversing a vasectomy is not easy and does not always work. Therefore, it is recommended not to perform the procedure unless you are sure that you will not want to embarrass a woman in the future.

Having a vasectomy should always be seen as a permanent measure. However, it can be reversed with an operation called a vasovasostomy.

This operation is more complex than the original vasectomy and takes more time. It often has to be done under general anesthesia.

The surgeon has to find the two ends of the cut vas deferens and cut the attachments and any scar tissue. Then the two new ends must be carefully sewn in a skillful operation.

Several statistics show the proportion of successful reversals: the higher the success rates, the sooner the regression is performed after the original vasectomy.

After microsurgery to reverse a vasectomy, there is a gradual recovery of the sperm count in most men, but the level of recovery is variable.

Factors such as the time elapsed since vasectomy and age are two factors that can influence the level of recovery.

In some men, a sperm extraction procedure followed by in vitro fertilization (IVF) is recommended as an alternative to vasectomy reversal.

Are there any side effects?

The procedure is very safe. Complications are not common, but they can include swelling, bruising, swelling, and infection if they do occur. These are rarely serious, but tell your doctor if you have symptoms.

The procedure will not affect your testosterone level, erections, climax, sexual desire, or any other part of your sex life.

Does a vasectomy make prostate cancer more likely?

The research on this is mixed. The American Cancer Society says some studies have suggested that men who undergo vasectomies may be slightly more likely than other men to get prostate cancer. Still, those other studies have not found such a link.

The most recent findings show that a vasectomy does not increase a man’s risk of getting prostate cancer and that this worry should not be a reason to avoid having it.

Does vasectomy protect against sexually transmitted diseases?

No. You still want to use a male condom for the best protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Can I have a vasectomy if I am alone?

Yes, vasectomies are carried out on single men in Australia. It does not matter if you have not had children. However, you should think carefully about vasectomy since the procedure is permanent.

Does the procedure hurt?

A vasectomy usually takes about 30 minutes and can be done under local or general anesthesia. Men generally report mild to moderate pain in the testicles for a few seconds during the procedure.

For a few days after vasectomy, the testicles may hurt or feel like they have been kicked. Men should rest for 24 hours afterward and avoid heavy physical work and sexual activity for a few days.

Can I still ejaculate after surgery?

Yes, semen is produced in the seminal vesicles and the prostate. These are not affected by a vasectomy. Sperm constitute only 2 to 5 percent of the ejaculate, so you will not notice any difference in the volume of ejaculation.

Will I continue to produce sperm after the operation?

Yes, sperm continue to form in the testicles after a vasectomy.

After my vasectomy, where does the sperm go?

The sperm, produced in the testicles, can not pass through the vas deferens once they have been cut and tied, so the body reabsorbs them.

Will my testosterone levels drop after the operation?

There is no evidence that vasectomy decreases testosterone levels or sexual desire.

Will this be 100% successful in preventing pregnancy?

More than 99% of vasectomies are effective in preventing pregnancy. The two cut ends of the vas deferens can rarely join and form an open channel for the sperm again. Usually, this could be in the first months after the operation.

Do I have an increased risk of prostate cancer after a vasectomy?

There is currently no consistent evidence from clinical trials showing an association between prostate cancer and vasectomy.