Urine Infection: Symptoms and Treatment

The symptoms of urinary tract infection depend on the patient and the type of infection; it can affect the urethra, bladder, and kidneys.

In general, this urinary system infection is caused by bacteria in the intestine and can occur in both men and women. However, the condition of the male urinary tract is less frequent than in the female due to anatomical differences.

The most common symptoms of urinary infection can be:

  • Symptoms of a urinary bladder infection (cystitis)
  • Pain or burning when urinating, frequent urination, but in small amounts, the color of the urine may be whitish or cloudy and a very unpleasant odor.
  • During a urinary bladder infection, it is recommended that people ingest a lot of water, wear loose cotton underwear, and keep the intimate area completely clean.

Symptoms of urinary kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

  • Symptoms of a kidney infection may include: pain or burning during urination, abdominal discomfort, chills, fever above 38 °, pain in the lower back, nausea, and vomiting.
  • The patient with urinary tract infection of the kidney should consume enough drinking water and avoid wearing too tight clothes in the abdomen.

Symptoms of UTI in the urethra ( urethritis )

  • The symptoms of urinary infection in the urethra can be pain or burning when urinating and yellow discharge in the urethra.
  • In urinary infection, in addition to treating the patient, it is essential to have adequate hygiene in the area of ​​the genitals, so it is always recommended to clean after urinating.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection during pregnancy

The symptoms of urinary tract infection in pregnancy are the same as when the woman is not pregnant.

But during pregnancy, infection is more common due to the low immune system and increased protein in the urine, causing an increase in the growth and development of bacteria in the urinary system.

The treatment for urinary tract infection in pregnancy can be done with the ingestion of antibiotics.

Medications that do not affect pregnancy include cefaclor, cefadroxil, and cephalothin. Do not self-medicate; always check with a certified doctor.


You may be able to cure a urinary tract infection if you act promptly when you have the first symptoms of urinary diseases, such as pain and burning when you urinate.


Try these steps as a home treatment that can stop the infection:

  • Drink plenty of water, especially during the first 24 hours after the symptoms appear. This will help make the urine less concentrated and wash out the bacteria that cause the infection. This can alter some of your body’s defense mechanisms. But most doctors recommend drinking lots of fluids. Some people also drink cranberry juice.
  • Urinate frequently and thoroughly to empty the bladder every time you do it.
  • Take a warm bath or put a hot pad over the genital area to relieve pain. Never go to sleep with a heating pad.

Self-treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections

If you are a woman who has frequent UTIs without complications, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if you notice symptoms of a urinary tract infection.

If you start having specific symptoms caused by a urine infection, follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter and take medicine without neglecting the observation of your symptoms.

Be sure to tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if you start having urinary tract infections more often than in the past.