Uremia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments



The term refers to Uremia high level of urea existing blood . This level should be between 3.6 to 8.3 mg / dL (milligrams per deciliter), which is considered normal.

A level higher than 8.3mg / dl are considered high values ​​and the clinical picture is called hyperuremia and values ​​below 3.6 mg / dl are considered low and the clinical picture becomes hypouremia.

Uremia occurs from the degradation of proteins (purines) amino and, for this reason, its level depends on diet, body moisture, physical inactivity, speed and the way in which the body carries the metabolism.

What causes uremia

Among the main causes found in Uremia are hypertension, diabetes, congenital kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidneys , poorly healed acute kidney disease such as acute nephritis caused by streptococcus and some of the causes that are improving with time are considerably trauma Kidneys caused by traffic accidents (especially in cyclists).

Uremia arises when there is a failure of the renal system (nephrons) to purify the blood of nitrogenous products (urea and creatinine). In other words, we can associate with Uremia to the condition when the kidneys can not effectively filter the blood.

What symptoms occur

The classic symptoms of Uremia include nausea, malaise, vomiting, weakness, headache (headache). The most severe symptoms are drowsiness (high level of sudden drowsiness), disorders in the blood clotting and can lead to a coma.

This disease can also be considered a syndrome, or a set of changes in some bodily systems mainly of the renal system.

Available treatments

In 1960 patients suffering from Uremia had a very high mortality rate, since very little was known about disease and there were no effective treatments, there was only the kidney transplant the only thing that was able to remedy the effects caused by non- filtration of blood .

The other patients who can not afford a kidney transplant must pay thousands of dollars for a treatment from an artificial kidney treatment, and as it is available only in some countries, its cost is even higher for some patients.

This procedure with artificial kidney is known as Hemodialysis , and today is fundamental for the survival of most people who are affected by this or another disease related to poor blood filtration.

Simple Uremia can be avoided with a healthier diet, physical exercise (at least not maintaining a sedentary lifestyle), drinking lots of water (an average of 2 liters of water per day).