Uremia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


The term refers to Uremia’s high level of urea in existing blood. This level should be considered normal between 3.6 to 8.3 mg / dL (milligrams per deciliter).

A level higher than 8.3 mg/dl is considered a high value ​​, and the clinical picture is called hyperuricemia. Values ​​below 3.6 mg/dl are considered low, and the clinical picture becomes hypouricemia.

Uremia occurs from the degradation of proteins (purines) amino and, and for this reason, its level depends on diet, body moisture, physical inactivity, speed, and how the body carries the metabolism.

What causes Uremia

Among the leading causes found in Uremia are hypertension, diabetes, congenital kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidneys, poorly healed acute kidney diseases such as acute nephritis caused by streptococcus, and some of the causes that are improving with time are considerably trauma Kidneys caused by traffic accidents (especially in cyclists).

Uremia arises when the renal system (nephrons) fails to purify the blood of nitrogenous products (urea and creatinine). In other words, we can associate with Uremia the condition when the kidneys can not effectively filter the blood.

What symptoms occur

The classic symptoms of Uremia include nausea, malaise, vomiting, weakness, and headache (headache). The most severe symptoms are drowsiness (high level of sudden tiredness) and disorders in blood clotting, which can lead to a coma.


This disease can also be considered a syndrome or changes in some bodily systems, mainly the renal system.

Available treatments

In 1960 patients suffering from Uremia had a very high mortality rate; since very little was known about the disease, and there were no effective treatments, there was only a kidney transplant, the only thing that was able to remedy the effects caused by non- filtration of blood.

The other patients who can not afford a kidney transplant must pay thousands of dollars for a treatment from an artificial kidney treatment. As it is available only in some countries, some patients’ cost is even higher.

This procedure with artificial kidneys is known as Hemodialysis, and today is fundamental for the survival of most people affected by this or another disease related to poor blood filtration.

Simple Uremia can be avoided with a healthier diet, physical exercise (at least not maintaining a sedentary lifestyle), and drinking lots of water (an average of 2 liters of water per day).