Tuberous Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Normal Life Expectancy

Do you know anything about this disease? Learn more about this strange disease today.

Tuberous sclerosis is a disorder at the genetic level that causes the formation of benign tumors in different organs, primarily in the lungs, brain, heart, kidneys, eyes, and skin.

The aspects of this condition that most impact the quality of life are usually associated with the brain: seizures, developmental delay, mental retardation and autism.

However, many people with tuberous sclerosis live a healthy life, are independent and enjoy full development of their professional skills, such as teachers, lawyers, researchers and doctors.

The incidence and severity of various aspects of tuberous sclerosis can vary widely among individuals, even among identical twins.

How is it diagnosed?

Because tuberous sclerosis can manifest itself in many different ways, diagnosis is usually made when doctors identify two main characteristics in a single individual.

An important feature is cardiac rhabdomyoma , an abnormal growth in the heart muscle that usually occurs in young children and sometimes when performing an ultrasound examination during pregnancy.

Other important characteristics are specific abnormal growths of the skin or skin pigmentation, and non-malignant tumors. In addition, there are other minor features of tuberous sclerosis that could be diagnostic if you encounter an important characteristic of the same person.

This condition can also be diagnosed by genetic tests.

What is the normal life expectancy of an individual with tuberous sclerosis?

Most people with this disease will live a normal life. There may be complications in some organs such as the kidneys and the brain that can lead to serious difficulties and even death if not treated in time.

To reduce these dangers, people should be monitored throughout their lives by their trusted doctor to avoid potential complications.

Thanks to the results of research and the improvement of medical treatments, people with tuberous sclerosis complex are experiencing better health care than ever before. However, more research is needed until we find a cure.