Thyroid Symptoms: All Symptoms and Consequences Related to Disorders of this Major Gland

When something goes wrong with this gland, it usually means that the production of hormones will be out of control.

This can translate into some common physical symptoms, often ignored, such as weight gain, fatigue, and dry skin, among others.

As a gland that controls metabolism, the thyroid is in charge of many essential bodily and hormonal functions, including regulating weight and body temperature.

Although thyroid disease is more common in women, thanks to estrogen, it not only occurs in women, but men can also be diagnosed with thyroid.

If you have been ignoring these symptoms, now is the time to start paying attention.

The thyroid is not only responsible for metabolism but plays a vital role in the function of essential organs, including the heart, brain, liver, and kidneys.

But to confirm if something is wrong with this essential butterfly-shaped gland, you must know with certainty if you have hypothyroid disease, so it is necessary to perform a TSH test.



These are some of the most frequent symptoms that the body might be experiencing indicative of a thyroid problem.

Dry Skin

It could be the weather, or it could be a thyroid problem. Dry skin is a symptom of hypothyroidism when the thyroid is not producing enough thyroid hormone.

This can cause the metabolism to slow down, reduce sweating, and dry out the skin. The nails can also become dry and brittle.

Dehydrated skin is the second most common sign of hypothyroidism; it should be borne in mind that this symptom can overlap with the first signs of insulin resistance.

Palpitations or slow heartbeat

When you suffer from hyperthyroidism, in which the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone, it speeds up metabolism and other systems in the body.

One of the side effects is an accelerated heartbeat and heart palpitations.

Like how an overactive thyroid can speed up the heart rate and cause palpitations, the lack of thyroid hormone can slow down the body’s functions, including heart rate.

This is a physical effect that is often overlooked.

Weight gain

This is one of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism; an underactive thyroid often leads to a low metabolic rate. The result is a tendency for body weight to increase during the development of severe hypothyroidism. In the same way, this makes losing weight much more difficult.

But it turns out that this weight gain is partly due to the severe water retention caused by the low thyroid hormone.

Along with a slower metabolism and low energy levels, these symptoms build up to boost the weight gain related to the thyroid.


An overactive thyroid affects more than just the metabolism and heartbeat; it can also affect mood.

While overproduction of thyroid hormone increases the body’s systems, it can create feelings of nervousness and anxiety.

Changes in stools

While you may not think that your bowel movements and thyroid are related.

Constipation is a common symptom of hypothyroidism and is often overlooked.

If you notice that you are defecating much less often than usual, it could be an underactive thyroid.

On the other hand, a symptom of an overactive thyroid is frequent bowel movements and loose stools.

As the production of thyroid hormone increases in your body’s systems, your gastrointestinal tract is one of them.

Decrease in body temperature

Since the thyroid controls metabolism and thyroid hormone, it regulates body temperature.

An underactive thyroid can cause a colder body temperature than usual.

If they are constantly cold, it could indicate problems with the thyroid.


Although weight gain is the most common symptom associated with an underactive thyroid, fatigue is another typical result of hypothyroidism.

On the other hand, fatigue could also be a symptom of hyperthyroidism.

Fatigue is often common since your body is functioning at a higher rate.

Excessive fatigue and weakness can be described as extreme lethargy, where you feel too weak to perform your daily activities.

This is also a common early sign of type 2 diabetes.

Hair loss

Hair loss is not just a sign of aging; it could be a symptom of hyperthyroidism.

It is the result of the body functioning at a higher rate.

Hair loss is one of the most feared symptoms of the less active thyroid in women.

It occurs when the thyroid hormones are unbalanced and can occur both during hypothyroidism (hypoactivity) and in hyperthyroidism (hyperactivity).

Fortunately, the hair grows back in most cases once the thyroid imbalance is treated.

The memory

Lack of sleep and distraction could be caused by hypothyroidism.

When the body does not produce enough thyroid hormone, it affects cognitive function, including memory.

Oblivion is one of the signs that the thyroid is not very active.

The brain is a major target organ for thyroid hormones.

This is the reason why the onset of hypothyroidism can affect brain function.

Clinical trials and functional brain imaging studies confirm that advanced hypothyroidism is associated with cognitive decline, largely reversible with treatment.

In contrast, subclinical hypothyroidism (early stage) is not related to major neuropsychiatric problems, although studies show small (reversible) deficits in memory.

Presence of tremors

When the thyroid is in full swing producing more thyroid hormone than the average, which speeds up metabolism and other functions in the body.

This can be reflected in physical symptoms such as tremors in the hands and muscle weakness in the thighs and arms.

A form of hyperthyroidism called Graves’ disease can cause tremors and enlargement or enlargement of the eyes.

The depression

Like forgetting, lower thyroid hormone production can slow down the body’s functions, including cognitive function.

The underactive thyroid can cause depression, drowsiness, and mental confusion.

Pain and swelling in the neck

A little more than 50% of patients with hypothyroidism report symptoms such as pain and swelling in the neck.

The discomfort can be caused by the inflammation of the thyroid gland cells, known as thyroiditis.

The gland may become smaller or larger (known as a goiter ), depending on the cause of the disorder.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism, and, in general, patients describe it as the feeling of having something in the throat.

Problems with menstruation

With hypothyroidism, where there is less thyroid hormone production, other hormones in the body can also be affected, especially in women.

Menstrual periods are more extended, more frequent, have a more intense flow, and you can experience more cramping than usual.

On the other hand, missed periods and menstrual cycles that are widely separated and extremely light may be signs of hyperthyroidism.

Any significant change in your menstrual cycle could signify a thyroid problem, so you should consult your doctor.

The frequent muscular pains and sensitivity

A common complaint of people with undiagnosed thyroid problems is frequent muscle pain.

It can be characterized by generalized acute pain. This pain is often not specific to a particular area, as are those diagnosed with fibromyalgia.

Both an underactive thyroid and fibromyalgia can be related to food intolerance.

If these symptoms and signs of thyroid are experienced, these are warning signs.

In general terms, problems tend to develop slowly over several years.

It depends on the severity of the thyroid hormone deficiency and how long the condition has been.

The doctor should be consulted about TSH levels if you have three or more of these signs.