Temporary Arteritis or Cranial Arteritis: What is it? Causes, Symptoms, Complications and Treatment


It is a severe disease that causes chronic inflammation of the large and medium arteries in the head, which supply oxygenated blood to various brain parts. This inflammation results in an inadequate supply of oxygen and nutrients in the areas of the brain and skull.

It is believed to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues, causing inflammation. Temporary Arteritis often affects the temporal arteries, which are located through the areas next to the eye but can also affect other routes in the body, causing a wide variety of symptoms that can affect the eyes, head, face, and body.

Temporal Arteritis is a relatively rare disease, but it is the most common cause of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels). It is also called giant cell arteritis, and cranial Arteritis is more common in people over 50 years of age and affects more women than men.


The following list shows some of the possible medical causes of Arteritis:

  • Microscopic polyangiitis
  • Deficiency of esterase inhibitor C1 (C1-INH)
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans
  • Streptococcus group A
  • Hughes-Stovin syndrome
  • The stimulating factor of granulocyte and macrophage colonies
  • The cholesterol embolism
  • Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia
  • La hepatitis C
  • Infection with parvovirus B19
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Rheumatoid disease
  • Polychondritis


Seek medical attention immediately if you have symptoms of temporal Arteritis, such as headache, jaw pain, or vision changes.


If Arteritis is not treated early, it can lead to severe complications, such as blindness and stroke. Go to your environment as soon as possible to detect one of its symptoms.



This condition leads to a small but definite risk of blindness which is permanent once it manifests. The treatment involves a high dose of corticosteroids such as prednisolone to avoid this. This treatment should be started as soon as possible, perhaps even before the diagnosis is confirmed with a temporal artery biopsy.

With the treatment of Arteritis, the symptoms disappear quickly. In general, people should continue their management, taking a high prednisolone dose for a month. Once the symptoms disappear, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate returns to normal, and there is no longer a risk of blindness, the doctor can gradually reduce the dose. When appropriately treated, temporal Arteritis rarely reappears.