Symptoms of Thyroid in Women: Diseases and Their Causes, Types and Treatments

The malfunction of this gland can lead to an increase or decrease in the production of hormones that determine the body’s metabolism.

Research has shown that women’s thyroid symptoms are more common than men’s. Millions of women worldwide suffer from some thyroid dysfunction without even knowing that they suffer from this chronic disease.

The thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland present at the base of the neck, produces hormones that control the speed of your body’s metabolism. It provides energy to your body.

Types of thyroid diseases

Mainly there are two types of thyroid diseases: hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism, also called overactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

Hypothyroidism, also called hypoactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of TSH.

Causes of the onset of thyroid symptoms in women

Thyroid diseases sometimes occur when there are unacceptable levels of TSH (stimulating thyroid hormone) or may be due to problems in the gland. There are several complex reasons behind the onset of thyroid symptoms in women for both types of thyroid diseases:


Hyperthyroidism is caused by Graves’ disease, toxic adenomas, subacute thyroiditis, malfunction of the pituitary gland, or cancerous tumors in the thyroid gland.

Hypothyroidism is caused by Hashimoto’s disease, elimination of the thyroid gland, and exposure to excessive amounts of iodide and lithium.

He has also noticed that chemical drugs can also lead to the appearance of the thyroid.

The following are some of the chemicals that cause thyroid symptoms in women:

  • Antidiabetic drugs.
  • Prednisone .
  • Birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy.
  • Aspirin and analgesics salicylates.
  • Excessive consumption of processed foods.

What are the common thyroid symptoms in women?

The two types of chronic thyroid diseases (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism) have their respective symptoms.

Some of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

  • Extreme fatigue and fatigue.
  • Abnormal weight gain
  • Intolerance to the cold.
  • Excessive hair loss
  • Low sex drive
  • Insomnia .

Other common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:

  • Excessive weight loss
  • Muscular weakness.
  • Eyes that protrude.
  • Unusual heart rate, heartbeat, and other heart palpitations.
  • Increased appetite
  • Diarrhea.
  • Excessive sweating
  • Sensitivity to heat.
  • The swelling in the neck is due to an enlarged thyroid gland called goiter.

The thyroid controls menstrual cycles in women who are adversely affected due to thyroid diseases. Severe, mild, or irregular periods are another symptom of the thyroid in women that is caused by too many or too few thyroid hormones.

In addition to these, there are also psychological effects on the thyroid. Hypothyroidism makes people feel tired, inactive, and depressed, while hyperthyroidism causes anxiety, sleep disturbances, tremors and tremors, anger, and irritation.

Symptoms of thyroid cancer in women

Before going to the symptoms of thyroid cancer, it is essential to know the main types of thyroid cancer:

Types of thyroid cancer:

The presence of cancer cells in the thyroid gland seems identical to healthy cells and is called well-differentiated cells. The different types of thyroid cancer include:

Papillary thyroid cancer is a well-differentiated form of thyroid cancer; it spreads slowly and occurs mainly in women.

Medullary thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer if it is detected early and can be cured entirely.

Follicular carcinomas are less common but are more likely to recur and metastasize to regional lymph nodes and spread through blood vessels to bones, liver, and lungs.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer: the less common type is anaplastic is a dangerous and aggressive form of thyroid cancer. This type of carcinoma tends to be found after it has spread and can not be cured in the maximum cases.

The onset of symptoms of thyroid cancer in women is quite ordinary compared to men. Regarding the area of ​​symptoms, there are not many in the initial phase; even if they occur, they seem to be quite vague and generally ignored by people.

Thyroid cancer can cause the following symptoms:

  • A growing lump in the neck.
  • Excessive pain in the front of the neck, sometimes extending to the ears.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes.
  • Problems swallowing
  • Extreme difficulty in breathing.


The standard treatment for hypothyroidism is the use of Beta-blockers. They help reduce nervousness and reduce fast heart rates. The medicine called Methimazole can be used to block the synthesis of thyroid hormone.

Hyperthyroidism can be treated with surgery, medications, and radioactive therapy. Take off stress by doing yoga or other recreational activities. Stop smoking and stop consuming artificial sweeteners to ensure the gland works properly.

Thyroid symptoms in women can occur at any time in their lives, but it goes unnoticed most of the time. The thyroid can affect your health if it is not treated. Caring for and controlling your thyroid can prevent many health complications caused by the thyroid.