It is a common inflammatory condition and is not contagious.
It presents as raised, red, scaly patches all over the scalp and can spread to the forehead and back of the neck and ears.
The cause of this disorder is believed to be an abnormality of the immune system , as occurs with other types of psoriasis. It is also inherited and could be mild or severe.
Sebopsoriasis of the scalp is a source of embarrassment for those affected.
Sebopsoriasis can be seen in all age groups, but it is more common in childhood, adolescence, and then increases in patients over 50 years of age.
Men are affected more often than women.
- Heredity : plays an important role in the transfer of status from parents to children.
- Infection: Fungal and bacterial infections occur in the form of dandruff and weaken the immune system.
- Climate : climatic changes also contribute to this type of psoriasis. Summer is especially responsible for the onset of psoriasis on the scalp.
- Allergies – Some allergens can cause inflammation by suppressing the immune system.
- Injury : as a result of insect bites and other injuries that cause trauma to the skin.
- Personal Products : This disorder is seen in people who use many hair care products, such as colorants, dyes, gels, sprays, shampoos, conditioners, and styling products.
- Other factors : include stress, poor hygiene, chemicals, heat, smoking, alcohol and tobacco use.
- Dry scalp – The condition is characterized by dry scalp.
- Reddish papules : These are covered with scales.
- Silvery scales – form when papules combine to form a silver plaque.
- Lumps : which are filled with pus.
- Flakes : the plates peel and shed, which looks like dandruff. When the flaking is severe, it looks unsightly.
- Itching : there is severe itching and when scratched it could worsen the condition by causing trauma.
- Pain and burning
- Hair Loss : In the severe type of psoriasis, there may be hair loss due to heavy scratching and forced removal of the scales. However, it is temporary and once the disease is controlled, there is new hair growth on the scalp.
Treatment of scalp psoriasis includes the use of topical medications and alternative therapy. The first step involved in treatment is softening and removing the scales to help the drugs penetrate.
Medications include corticosteroids, vitamin D3 analogs, dithranol, coal tar, salicylic acid, and urea.
Weak steroids in the form of creams, lotions, shampoos, and foams are used to avoid side effects. Examples are clobetasol and fluocinolone acetonide.
Vitamin D3 analogs
They are prescribed in the form of Calcipotriene or Calcipotriol. Since it does not cause an abnormal increase in calcium levels, it is preferable to natural vitamin D.
Over-the-counter shampoos and lotions that contain coal tar are used in the treatment.
This treatment is usually administered in a clinic and includes the application of a cream formulation to the scalp for a short period of time before being washed off.
Salicylic acid and urea
Ointments containing salicylic acid and urea are used to reduce scale.
Home remedies for psoriasis on the scalp
For the treatment of psoriasis of the scalp it is very important to make sure that the medicine reaches the skin.
This requires the removal of scales that can be achieved by washing the hair with a shampoo containing tar, selenium or salicylic acid once or twice a day.
The scales should be rubbed gently with the fingertips and not the nails. The scalp may be coated with mineral oil occasionally and covered with a shower cap.
Massage the warm oil into the flaky plaques to soften and remove them. Pure aloe vera gel can be applied to the scalp.
Fish oil taken in supplement form or applied directly to the scales is known to help.