What is Subchondral Bone Sclerosis? Causes, what affects and how to avoid it

Subchondral Bone Sclerosis is one of the most common complications seen in osteoarthritis.

It is described as a thickening or hardening of the bone layer directly beneath the cartilage layer in damaged joints.

What is Osteoarthritis?

There are hundreds of types of arthritis, but osteoarthritis is the most common.

Many people over 60 experience some form of this pathology, presenting a lot of pain and discomfort at 40 years.

Osteoarthritis is potentially disabling without treatment, starting with rigidity and discomfort, but with time, it can be much more painful and can cause irreparable damage to their joints.

In essence, osteoarthritis is the result of repetitive movements and excessive stress in which the cartilage of the joints wears out over time.

When the layer of cartilage gets thin enough, the tissues in and around the waves and the joints become even more prone to damage.


How does osteoarthritis cause Subchondral Bone Sclerosis?

Subchondral bone sclerosis, i.e., bone hardening, occurs for several reasons.

Trauma is a prime cause, including that which damages the joints as they undergo moderate osteoarthritis, which may result from compacted bone tissue or hyperactive osteoblasts (the cells responsible for the creation of bone) stimulated by the Additional blood supply around the swelling.

At the same time, osteoblasts (the cells that destroy old bone) continue to work at the same speed, triggering one or both of these conditions.

Why is Subchondral Sclerosis bad for the joints?

Osteoarthritis is already damaging the joints, but additional complications like subchondral sclerosis introduce many problems.

Note that the additional density comprises many old or dead cells, even if all the cells were alive.

Under the microscope, bone is a porous and flexible material; This allows you to withstand high levels of stress without breaking.

With this impacted matrix, areas affected by subchondral sclerosis are more likely to be brittle, fracturing easily, and less likely to withstand the impact of everyday activities.

Is there any way to stop the Subchondral Bone Sclerosis and osteoarthritis?

Unlike many other types of arthritis, osteoarthritis does not appear to result from an autoimmune problem or another disease process.

It seems to be almost exclusively the result of wear and tear over time.

Osteoarthritis can also be established as a long-term effect of the injuries, especially those acquired when a sport is practiced, and there can be little done by the joints once they are damaged.

Fortunately, you can do a few things to reduce the damage before it’s too late.

What recommendations could be given to avoid it?

There is nothing more harmful to your joints than excess weight.

According to studies, every pound you carry on an average, healthy weight adds four pounds of pressure on your joints at each step.

In other words, only 10 pounds of additional weight could be responsible for an aggregate of 40 pounds of tension in each step. This is a lot of extra weight.

At the same time, this weight can wreak havoc on the health of their organs and the circulatory system; that is, substantial health problems can be alleviated or avoided by maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regime.

Sufficient water intake also helps maintain healthy tissues and synovial fluid (fluid cushioning joints).

Talk to a doctor who specializes in joint health. There may be minor things that you have to change, especially how you move and what you can do to reduce everyday wear.

Ask about the exercises you should perform for osteoarthritis since you should not sacrifice physical fitness just because your joints are starting to show some wear and tear.

In addition, studies show that exercise is perfect for toning the muscles that support each joint and promoting good circulation of all bodily fluids.

Although osteoarthritis is common with age, it does not have to affect your quality of life significantly.

Take preventive measures and discuss treatments for areas already damaged with your doctor.

If subchondral sclerosis has already affected you, there may be treatments that help prevent additional compaction and reduce the risk of fractures and thus improve your quality of life.