What is Rosacea: Causes and Treatment

Synonym: acne rosacea.

The Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that causes his face turns red, which can also cause swelling and inflammation of the skin that resembles acne.

Causes of Rosacea

It is a harmless condition, but it can make a person feel shame and insecurity, the cause is still unknown. You may be more likely to have rosacea if:

  • He is between 30 and 50 years old.
  • Have clear skin
  • For women it occurs more frequently (but men usually have more severe symptoms).
  • Rosacea leads to swelling of blood vessels just below the skin. It may also be associated with other skin disorders (Seborrheic Acne) or with eye disorders (blepharitis, keratitis).


Usually, the doctor can diagnose rosacea through a series of questions about your medical history.

The coexisting symptoms of rosacea:

– Redness of the face.
-Sofoco or easy redness.
-Many blood vessels resemble spiders (telangiectasia) on the face.
-Nose red (called bulbous nose).
– Inflammations of the skin such as acne that can form scabs and places with drainage.
Burning or stinging sensation on the face.
-The eyes are moist, red and irritated.

The treatment for Rosacea

There is no known cure for rosacea. Your doctor will help you identify the things that worsen the symptoms. These are the so-called triggering agents. Avoiding these triggers can help prevent or reduce the symptoms of rosacea.

Here are some steps that can help soften or prevent symptoms:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun .
  • Use sunscreen every day.
  • Avoid excess activity in hot water.
  • Try to reduce stress. Try relaxation exercises, yoga or other techniques will help.
  • Limit spicy foods, alcohol and hot drinks.

Their appearance may vary from one person to another, just as the triggers may come to be related to aspects such as wind, hot showers, living instead of low temperatures, special use products for the skin, physical activity, among others agents.

Some prescription antibiotics are to be taken orally (such as tetracycline, minocycline or doxycycline) or applied to the skin (such as metronidazole) can control skin conditions such as acne. Other drugs (isoretinol or isotretinoin), which are similar to vitamin A, are more powerful alternatives that the doctor can take into account, in addition to following the treatment under the supervision of the professional.

The rosacea is not acne and will not improve with standard treatments for acne. In severe cases, laser surgery helps minimize redness. The option of surgery to remove inflamed tissue from the nose can also improve symptoms and appearance.


Rosacea is a harmless condition, but it can make a person feel embarrassed to appear in public and may eventually produce insecurity. This can be a long-term (chronic) problem. It can not be cured, but you can control the symptoms with treatment.

The possible complications

  • Permanent changes in appearance (eg, swollen and red nose).
  • Loss of self-esteem Therefore, a follow-up with a mental health professional is recommended.