Rheumatoid Arthritis: Definition and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes pain and swelling in the joints .

It usually affects smaller joints, such as the hands, feet, and wrists, although large joints, such as the hips and knees, may also be affected.

Doctors still do not know what causes rheumatoid arthritis , but it is more common in people who smoke or who have a family history of this disease. It can also be difficult to diagnose because many pathologies cause joint stiffness and inflammation.

Your doctor may perform a physical exam to check if your joints have edema. They may also request some blood tests and x-rays to see if the disease is damaging the joints.

If your doctor thinks you have rheumatoid arthritis you should refer it to a specialist called “rheumatologist” . A rheumatologist can diagnose this disease and ensure that you receive the proper treatment. If you think you have this disease and have not yet seen a rheumatologist, you can ask your doctor to refer you or refer you to it.

Most people with rheumatoid arthritis can lead a full and active life if they are diagnosed early and receive appropriate treatment. Although most treatments are tailored to the individual symptoms of each person and the severity of their condition.

Most common treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Medications to relieve symptoms or slow progress of the condition
  • Surgery to correct joint problems
  • Supportive treatments such as physiotherapy
  • Complementary therapies such as massage or acupuncture that some people find quite useful.
  • Since there is no known cure for rheumatoid arthritis , early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can control symptoms and help prevent disability.