Rheumatoid Arthritis in Young People: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment

One of the types of Arthritis that affects young people.

Juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis, also known as juvenile Arthritis, is a common form of Arthritis in adolescents younger than 17 years. This type of Arthritis causes persistent pain in the joints, swelling, and stiffness.

Some children may experience symptoms for a while, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives.

Some juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis causes serious complications, such as eye growth and inflammation problems. The treatment of juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis is focused on controlling pain, improving function, and preventing joint damage.

What are your symptoms?

The most common signs and symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis are:

Pain . While your child does not complain of joint pain, he may notice that they are limping.

Swelling . Swelling of the joints is expected. However, it is often seen in large joints, such as the knee, for the first time.


Rigidity . You may notice that your child walks awkwardly, especially in the morning or after sleeping.

Juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis can affect one or several joints. In some cases, juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis has implications throughout the body – which causes inflammation of the lymph nodes, skin rashes, and fever.

When to consult a doctor?

Take your child to the doctor if they have joint pain, stiffness, and prolonged swelling for more than a week – especially if they also have a fever.

Because it happens?

Juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis arises when the immune system attacks its cells. Even though its cause is not precise, it seems that the inheritance and the environment play an important role.

Specific gene mutations make the person more susceptible to environmental factors such as certain viruses – which can trigger the disease.

Are there risk factors?

Some variants of juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis are more common in girls.

Treatments and medications.

The treatment for this juvenile condition is focused on helping your child maintain normal levels of sports activity and socially. To achieve this, physicians can use strategies to relieve inflammation and pain, maintain movement and full strength, and prevent complications.

The medications to take

For some children, painkillers may be the only medication needed. Other children may need a prescription for prescribed drugs to limit the progression of the disease. Typical drugs used for juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis include:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, reduce pain and swelling. These more potent medications are available with a prescription. Side effects include stomach upset and liver problems.

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Doctors use these medications when non-steroids do not relieve swelling and joint pain symptoms. They can be taken in combination with nonsteroidal medicines and used to slow the progression of juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis.


Your doctor may recommend that your child trains with a physical therapist to maintain joint flexibility, range of motion, and muscle tone.

A physiotherapist can make some additional recommendations regarding the best exercise and protective equipment for your child.

The therapist may also suggest that your child use joint supports or splints to protect the joints and keep them in a good functional position.