What is Ulcerative Proctitis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

It is the inflammation, redness and ulcerations of the rectal mucosa (the rectum is the last six inches of the large intestine).

The word “ulcer” is used because of the disease that actually causes the formation of sores (ulcers on the inner lining of the rectum). The cause of ulcerative proctitis is unknown.

What are the symptoms of Ulcerative Proctitis?

Symptoms associated with ulcerative proctitis include:

  • Diarrhea.
  • Bleeding.
  • Tenesmus (a persistent urge to empty the bowel or stools are not present).
  • Mucosal secretion
  • The rectal pain.

The amount of bleeding from ulcerative proctitis is usually small, but it can seem a lot and can be frightening. All of these symptoms can occur without warning at any time during the day or night.

What causes Ulcerative Proctitis?

The researchers are actively trying to find its cause. Many scientists believe that it is due to a reaction of the body’s immune system that results in inflammation of the rectal mucosa. Although the cause of Ulcerative Proctitis has not been identified, it is known that dietary habits or stress are not causes. However, people with the disease may find that more occupations and more stress aggravate their symptoms. Ulcerative Proctitis is not contagious and can not be transmitted from one person to another.

How is it detected?

The doctor can detect this disease through a visual examination of the rectal mucosa using an instrument called Flexible Sigmoidoscope (a flexible tube with light about the thickness of a finger). This test is important because the symptoms of proctitis may be the same as the symptoms of many other diseases, some of which are quite serious.

How is this condition treated?

The treatment of Ulcerative Proctitis depends on the extent of the inflammation and the amounts that have been had. For mild inflammations, he is medicated with enemas, suppositories or foams.

If the inflammation becomes more severe, oral medication may be prescribed. Patients with repeated episodes are often prescribed oral medications to reduce the risk of new episodes.

Periodic reviews are important for controlling your disease and keeping up with the best approaches to ongoing care. In addition to medication, changes in diet can be helpful.

A diet high in fiber and lots of water is very useful. Patients with diarrhea often find that avoiding milk and dairy products, spicy foods, and raw fruits and vegetables will improve diarrhea.

Regular visits to the doctor are important to adjust your medication as your symptoms change. Patients who are actively involved in learning how to manage their illness can find quality in their life.