Perinatal Asphyxia: What is it? Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and Effects

Definition: is a condition in which the brain of a baby does not receive enough oxygen before, during or after birth.

This results in brain damage or cardiorespiratory arrest.

Asphyxia can be fatal. Brain cells can begin to die within as little as 5 minutes if they do not receive oxygen.

It can also cause long-term permanent damage, including mental retardation, developmental delay, seizures and cerebral palsy.

What happens during Perinatal Asphyxia?

Because the perinatal period is a short window; before, during and after delivery; A child with Perinatal Asphyxia is one who can not breathe normally.

Before delivery, a pediatrician can monitor the vital signs of the baby, recognize an alarming decrease in oxygen and, as a consequence, perform an emergency cesarean.

In other occasions, a baby is born vaginally and the doctor after performing the routine check the baby detects suffocation.

During both scenarios, members of the medical staff must be prepared to get the child to breathe as quickly as possible.

What causes this suffocation in babies?

There are a number of ways that the baby could stop breathing:

  1. Sometimes it is related to a prolapse of the umbilical cord (when the cord comes out before the baby), or that the umbilical cord is being tightened in some way.
  2. The baby stops breathing because of the meconium aspiration syndrome, a situation in which the baby sucks a mixture of meconium and amniotic fluid before or during vaginal delivery.
  3. A child is born prematurely (before 37 weeks) and his lungs are under development as a result of inability to breathe on his own.

The symptoms

The symptoms of a baby that does not breathe are quite obvious.

If the baby is crying and breathing normally, there is no suffocation, but if a child is silent, has blue skin, or has difficulty breathing (including rapid breathing), it is quite obvious that the baby has the condition.

What are the effects of Choking on the baby?

The conditions for Perinatal Asphyxia vary, depending on whether the baby has mild, moderate or severe symptoms.

There are several different types of treatment, some that simply treat emergency symptoms and keep your child alive, but others try to reverse or decrease brain damage.

Most of the time, babies with mild symptoms can have a life without inhibitions, while babies with severe symptoms can have a shorter life expectancy with a series of painful problems.

The effects of Perinatal Asphyxia can include delays in development, epilepsy, cognitive problems, delays in the development of motor skills and delays in neurological development.

True gravity in general can not be determined until the baby is three or four years old.

Which is the treatment?

If the child is not breathing due to something like meconium aspiration syndrome, the medical staff has to work to suck the fluid so that the child can breathe normally.

For other causes, medical personnel have to respond to these obstacles, although one of the many options may be to put the child on a respirator.

If a child has not breathed for a long period of time, the medical staff can proactively try to prevent any brain damage by putting the child in a hyperbaric oxygen tank, a therapy designed to expose the child to an environment with 100% of oxygen and to flood the body with as much oxygen as possible.

What are the risks of a child who has not breathed for a long period of time?

When a child has not been breathing for any period of time, they may even experience a slight risk of brain damage.

Low levels of oxygen in the blood also create acidosis , a condition that occurs when excess acid builds up in the blood (another condition that could be treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy).

Each time a child stops breathing for about five minutes, there is a very real risk of brain damage that includes mental retardation, cerebral palsy and other problems, such as seizures.

Depending on the severity of the Perinatal Asphyxia before, during and after the birth in particular, it will determine if the child has other more serious birth injuries.