Parotiditis: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment


Parotiditis is the name given to the inflammation and infection of the largest of the salivary glands, known as the parotid glands.

The inflammation produces swelling of the tissues surrounding the salivary glands, redness, and pain.

The salivary glands are responsible for producing saliva in the mouth, which is vital for cleansing the mouth.

The inflammation of the salivary glands reduces its ability to function correctly and can cause infections in the mouth.

The inflammation of the mumps can be the result of many causes, including infection, medication, radiation, and various diseases.

Mumps was once the most common viral cause of mumps, but vaccination has made mumps a rare disease today. Mumps caused by a bacterial infection is common today.


Bacterial infection in the mumps results from the accumulation and growth of bacteria within the salivary glands.

Signs and symptoms of mumps may vary among people. Some people with mumps may not realize they have a disease, while others may have severe swelling and pain.

Fortunately, mumps can be treated successfully with medication. You can reduce your risk of developing mumps by practicing good oral hygiene, drinking plenty of fluids, washing your hands, and receiving the MMR vaccine to prevent mumps.

Seek immediate medical attention for severe symptoms, such as high fever and difficulty breathing or swallowing.

Seek immediate medical attention if you are being treated for mumps but mild symptoms recur or are persistent.


Mumps causes swelling and inflammation of the parotid glands, leading to symptoms. Symptoms can vary in intensity between people.

The most common symptoms of mumps are related to the throat and neck and include:

  • Bad taste in the mouth.
  • Difficulty opening the mouth.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Fever.
  • Upset similar to the flu.
  • Pain in the mouth or facial pain, especially when you eat.
  • Redness on the side of the face or upper neck.
  • Sore throat.
  • It is swelling in the region of the jaw (temporomandibular area).

Symptoms that may indicate a serious condition:

In some cases, mumps can be a severe condition that must be evaluated immediately in an emergency setting.

Seek immediate medical attention if you or someone you are with has any of these severe symptoms:

  • Difficult breathing
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • High fever (more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit)


Bacterial infections of the salivary glands are commonly the result of an obstruction, such as salivary duct stones or poor oral hygiene.

Medications that cause dry mouth, such as some antihistamines, can increase the risk of mumps, as can cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy.

What are the risk factors for mumps?

Several factors increase the risk of developing mumps. Not all people with risk factors will have parotitis. Risk factors for mumps include:

  • Close contact with a person infected with mumps
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • VIH / SIDE
  • Medications (anticholinergic, antihistaminic, antipsychotic)
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Sjogren’s Syndrome


Antibiotic therapy is the basis of treatment for mumps caused by a bacterial infection.

In addition, if secondary infection occurs in the mouth due to dysfunctional salivary glands, antibiotics may be prescribed.

Such infection is diagnosed by fever or by the presence of pus in the mouth. If complications such as abscess occur, surgical drainage or aspiration may be required.

What can you do to improve your mumps?

In addition to following your doctor’s instructions and taking all prescribed medications, you can speed up your recovery as follows:

  • Brush your teeth frequently during the day and practice good general oral hygiene.
  • Drink extra fluids
  • Eat soft foods
  • Gargle with warm saltwater.
  • Refrain from smoking or other use of tobacco.

What are the possible complications of mumps?

Complications of mumps include:

  • Abscess of the salivary gland.
  • Adverse effects of mumps treatment.
  • Facial paralysis.
  • Chronic pain or discomfort
  • Infection of other organs.
  • Propagation of bacterial infection.
  • It can help minimize the risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan that your doctor sets up specifically for you.