Ovodonation: What is it? Indications, Background, Ovarian Failure and Donors

It is an Assisted Reproduction treatment, which provides the opportunity to have a child to women who can not develop an embryo.

Ovodonation is a procedure performed by medical specialists to offer women who can not be fertilized due to infertility or incompatibility in the process of fertilization, to develop an embryo that is the result of a donor’s ovules and the sperm of their partner.

In this way women who could not otherwise experience the process of motherhood from its origin, thanks to the donation of ovules can live pregnancy, childbirth and lactation when before there was no possibility of having children.

Indications for an ovodonation

Women who present complications to become pregnant should exhaust all resources before undergoing an ovodonation process, which is subject to the following parameters for its realization:

  • A specialist doctor must support and validate that the affected woman can not get pregnant by the natural process.
  • Women with an advanced age.
  • Ovarian failure due to menopause.
  • Presenting early ovarian failures or ovarian surgery .
  • Their oocytes are impaired or have a hereditary disease that prevents fertilization and can not be detected by generic diagnostic techniques.
  • In vitro fertilization procedures have failed repeatedly without obtaining positive results.
  • She has presented several cases of spontaneous abortions in the first months of pregnancy.
  • The ovaries are prone to not get oocytes.
  • Presents chromosomal alterations or genetic malformations in their embryos.

Antecedents of ovodonation

Among the various reasons for infertility is the increasing increase in delayed maternity in developed countries, such as lifestyle, genetic problems, diseases adopted over time and continuous work stress.

That is why, by increasing the cases of problems to conceive, by ovarian or testicular factors the oocyte or even sperm donation procedure was created.

Why is an ovarian failure generated?

This failure occurs when the menstrual process does not start at puberty and can be caused by: Swyer’s syndrome, Turner syndrome, savage or resistant ovary syndrome).

The case of premature ovarian failure can also be presented. This occurs when there is an absence of ovarian functions before the age of 40, with menses that begin with irregularities until they finally disappear.

The causes of this condition can have their origin in hereditary patterns, autoimmune disorders, enzymatic alterations or infections by sexually transmitted diseases or other pathologies.

Aspects to be considered in an egg donation

Women who want to perform this procedure should consult a specialist about the possible consequences, as well as if they have some kind of fear related to genetics and acceptance of the future child.

The usual thing is that every woman who accepts an egg donation must undergo psychological counseling and personalized advice by a specialist in this type of case depending on the needs of the patient.

You can not leave aside that there are biological patterns that are genetic and others that originate in pregnancy.

On the other hand, the personality, behavior and psychological characteristics of the baby are defined by the link with the mother after the birth and upbringing of the baby.

About donors

Women who wish to donate their eggs so that another woman can live the maternal process should also seek advice from specialists in the area, as well as a psychological one.

This in order to certify that it meets the requirements and necessary parameters that are required to be part of an egg donation program .

The donor of ovules must submit a survey of their family history, style and condition of life, present a medical history that supports an adequate state of health and family medical history.

Couples who want to undergo various treatments to combat or attack infertility must undergo various treatments and studies ranging from the simplest to the most complex, to exhaust all resources before heading to an egg donation.

The choice of treatment should be chosen after multiple previous studies and diagnoses that support infertility, number of attempts in certain techniques of assisted reproduction and the age of the woman.