Optometry: Definition, Treatments Used, Origins and Optometry as a Professional Career

It is the graduation or measurement of the index of visual perception and of the defects of the sight and calculation of the lenses to correct said defects.

Optometry physicians are independent primary health care providers who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the visual system , eye and associated structures, as well as the diagnosis of systemic conditions related to this important visual organ.

Among the types of treatment that optometrists use are:

  • Eyeglasses.
  • Contact lenses.
  • Vision therapy
  • Aids for low vision.
  • Pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of eye diseases.

During an exam, the Doctor of Optometry also evaluates the general health conditions. Diabetes, high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis are often detected during an eye exam.

The diagnosis of systemic manifestations of ocular disease is necessary to preserve and improve the quality of life of the patient. When appropriate, the optometrist sends patients to other health professionals and often works with them to jointly manage the patient’s condition.

The vision changes constantly throughout a person’s life and, as it does, the needs of vision care also change. Optometry physicians provide optometric examinations and treatments that can prevent a patient’s vision problem from becoming a serious vision impairment.

Origins of optometry

The care and attention of the sight is not a phenomenon of recent date. For the concern for the health of the eye has its roots in characters of the past as dissimilar as Leonardo Da Vinci, Kepler or Galileo; the latter would be one of the pioneers in talking more appropriately about the health of the eyes and, as if that were not enough, he spoke about the lenses.

That is to say, there was a past tense in which man wondered about what he called optics and its relation to light and vision.

Even the Roman philosopher Seneca came to create a kind of lens that consisted of a glass filled with water and when looking through it, the philosopher said he read better.

Likewise, sailors such as Marco Polo did not skimp on details when he said he had seen in Asian regions, particularly in what is now China, characters who had been wearing glasses with them for years.

What is really true is that the health of human vision has been a subject that goes back thousands of years and that with the help of modern technological advances have made it possible that before it was pure empiricism is today a practical science to which it has been given the name of optometry.

Atopometrics as a professional career

Those who choose optometry enjoy challenging and rewarding careers. An optometrist can help a child whose school work is hampered by visual problems, a worker whose visual problem causes occupational safety risks, or an elderly patient who may have unnecessarily waived reading.

Optometrists are the primary providers of primary eye care in the United States, with approximately 40,000 optometrists practicing in more than 6,000 communities across the country. In many of these communities, optometrists are the only primary eye care providers.

The type of practice environment that the optometrist can enter is also expanding. While private individual practice remains the predominant mode, more optometrists are entering into partnerships or group practices with other optometrists or other health care providers.

Health maintenance organizations, armed forces, Veterans Administration medical centers and hospitals offer optometrists unique opportunities to be an integral part of the healthcare service delivery team.

Optometry is a rewarding career that gives you the opportunity to provide important health care services to your patients while making significant personal and personal contact at the same time.

Optometry will allow you to succeed in establishing relationships with patients, whether in small or large cities. Your experience will have an impact on the lives of your patients as you provide eye and visual health for the 21st century.