Menopausal Syndrome: Climacteric – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


The climacteric is an asymptomatic period in women of adult age or a climacteric syndrome that consists of a long series of symptoms that occur in the menopausal period with significant individual differences.


When estrogens are ineffective, they can lead to serious medical complications such as osteoporosis, fractures, and ischemic heart disease.

Symptoms of the Climacteric

They can be divided into acute, subacute, and chronic.

The acute symptoms are known as a climacteric syndrome. Your symptoms sometimes appear suddenly, sometimes gradually in the period around menopause, they can be prevented for months or years, or they occur soon after menopause.

It affects more than 85% of women older than 45 years. The severity of the vasomotor symptoms is not only in the quality of life but also in that the metabolic alteration can cause cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis.

In addition to the vasomotor symptoms, acute symptoms include somatic symptoms, such as paraesthesia of the extremities and face, dizziness, palpitations, irregular heartbeat, headache, muscle and joint pain, pain in the heart area, and symptoms of a psychological nature, mood swings, anxiety, and depression.


The set of these symptoms defines an abnormal state, which seriously endangers the health of the woman, but also indicates a risk of more severe disorders, so they can not be ignored.

Subacute symptoms occur after a specific time, usually after several years after menopause (around five years), and often continue until late after menopause.

If not treated properly, that is, estrogen will significantly impede a woman’s life, affecting the lining of the vagina, urethra, bladder trigone, eyes, mouth, nose, pharynx, larynx, and colon since this damage depends on several symptoms that simulate primary disability of the urogenital tract or the eye.


  • Hair loss and the fragility of the nails.
  • The invincibility of connective tissue.
  • Prolapse of the uterus and vagina.
  • Problems with organic mucosal tissues.
  • Estrogen deficiency.

Treatment for the Climacteric

The most common use for medical treatments is using hormones as regular use. In the first ten years after menopause, hormone therapy in younger postmenopausal women is beneficial and should not be denied. It is not recommended for women with breast cancer and in women with deep vein thrombosis.