Laryngotracheitis: Symptoms, Complications, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Precautions

It is an infection that occurs or occurs in the trachea, in the larynx or voice box and in the respiratory tract or bronchi.

These types of conditions are usually not very invasive or harmful to the body, but medications are prescribed to treat the infection.

This condition occurs because the airways become inflamed, making it difficult to enter and leave the air in the lungs.

Usually the common denominator of those affected is in an age range between the first year of life to 6 years and this is because the respiratory tracts of children are in development and are very small, therefore, are more prone to acquire diseases or infections.

Symptoms of Laryngotracheitis

Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition and usually get worse at night, at first they can be confused with a common cold or with the onset of bronchitis or pneumonia by presenting as follows:

  • Throat hoarse and rough.
  • Difficulty breathing. The chest usually goes up and down a lot to get enough air.
  • Whistle or noise when inhaling right in the rib cage.
  • Nasal mucus
  • Mild or high fever

Complications

This condition, when not diagnosed in time by a medical specialist, can cause problems or ear infections, including inflammation of the lungs.

What generates a noticeable deterioration of health, resulting in later problems that may threaten the stability or health of the patient for a long time.

When Laryngotracheitis worsens, the affected person may have severe breathing problems because the trachea, larynx and bronchi are too inflamed.

If this happens, the affected person should be taken immediately to be evaluated, seeding it at least between 24 to 48 hours in order to place a tube in his trachea, thus supplying oxygen to his lungs until it stabilizes, and then begin with the pertinent examinations. determine the ideal treatment.

Causes of Laryngotracheitis

Laryngotracheitis can be caused by several factors, including the parainfluenza virusbeing the first cause or the respiratory syncytial virus, it can also develop by respiratory bacteria, allergic reactions or even by measles.

Diagnosis

The specialist doctor should ask about the patient’s medical history to validate if he has had similar or similar conditions in the past, then he will proceed with the routine exams that will determine if he really suffers from Laryngotracheitis and the level or degree of complication of the condition.

The routine procedure to diagnose Laryngotracheitis is to check the throat to check if it is inflamed, then check the breathing and request a chest x-ray to measure the degree of swelling.

Treatment for Laryngotracheitis

Laryngotracheitis can last a couple of days if the patient’s defenses act efficiently plus the help of some medications or antibiotics to eliminate the infection, however it can last up to a week and if prolonged could incur future complications.

That is why the patient should follow the treatment recommended by the specialist doctor, as well as ingesting a lot of fluids to avoid dehydration, it is also recommended to relieve and improve breathing difficulty inhaling vapor.

It is also important that the patient stay away from humidity or cold temperatures that may contribute to the production of nasal mucus or collapse the common cold, since this may decrease the ability to breathe and inflame the trachea, larynx and bronchi .

Usually the treating physician can recommend a medicine called corticosteroid as well as the oral dosage of a drug under the name of dexamethasone , which contributes to the reduction of the symptoms of Laryngotracheitis, thus eliminating the complications to breathe.

However, having a severe condition the doctor can prescribe budesonide , which is delivered through a mask, which is placed in a medical center so that the medication can be inhaled efficiently while contributing to the inflammation of the the affected parties, providing relief to the affected.

Precautions

Laryngotracheitis water is highly contagious and can be contracted by touching a surface contaminated by the virus that produces it or by air being released by the sneeze or cough of someone suffering from the condition.