Inguinal Hernia: Symptoms and Treatment

An inguinal hernia is a condition that occurs in the groin areawhen the intestinal tissues push through the inguinal canal.

The inguinal canal is located at the base of the abdomen in both men and women. In men the testicles descend through the canal, shortly before birth. In women, the ligament of the uterus is in the canal. When a hernia occurs in this passage, it results in a protruding protrusion, becoming painful to the movement.

Symptoms of inguinal hernia

These types of hernias are more noticeable because of their physical appearance, causing bumps along the pubic area which can increase in size when the person stands up or coughs. This type of hernia can be painful or sensitive to touch.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Coughing pain, when exercising or bending over.
  • Burning sensation
  • Acute pain
  • Feeling of heaviness in the groin.
  • Swelling of the scrotum in men.

Causes and risk factors of inguinal hernia

There is not a single cause of this type of hernia. However, it is believed that weaknesses within the abdominal and groin muscles may be an important cause.

Risk factors can increase the chances of this condition. Examples of factors include:

  • Heritage.
  • Personal history of hernias.
  • Premature birth.
  • Excess weight when.
  • Pregnancy
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Frequent constipation
  • Being frequently standing for long periods of time.

Types of inguinal hernias

There are two types of inguinal hernia: indirect and direct.

An indirect inguinal hernia is the most common type. It often occurs in premature births, when the inguinal canal is not fully developed. However, this type of hernia can occur at any time during your life. This condition is more common in men.

The direct inguinal hernia occurs most often in adults. It is most often attributed to the weakening of muscles during adulthood.

Inguinal hernias can also be classified as imprisoned or strangulated. Incarcerated inguinal hernias are trapped in the groin muscles and strangulated hernias are more serious medical conditions that restrict the flow of blood to the small intestine, which are potentially fatal and require emergency medical attention.

Diagnosis

These hernias can be easily pushed back into the abdomen when lying down. However, if you are not able to be pushed again, you may have a strangulated inguinal hernia. Your doctor can make this determination during a physical examination, since you may be asked to cough the patient while standing and be able to check when it is at its greatest point.

Treatment

Surgery is the main treatment for inguinal hernias , which consists of a very common operation leading to a highly successful procedure. Your doctor will recommend either herniorrhaphy (“open” repair) or laparoscopy.

Open repair involves making an incision in the groin, returning the abdominal tissues to the abdomen and repairing the defect of the abdominal wall. Laparoscopy uses several small incisions instead of just one. This surgery may be preferable if you want a shorter recovery time.

Forecast and Perspective

Early treatment can help cure inguinal hernias . However, there is always a small risk of complications, such as infection after surgery, scarring, and recurrence of hernias. Call your doctor if you experience new symptoms or if side effects occur after treatment.