Gamophobia: What is it? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

While many people wait their whole lives to be together forever with the person they love, the story may be different for others.

Gamophobia is the fear of marriage. Marriage is a bond that unites two individuals.

For some people, however, the fundamentals of marriage are terrifying as hell.

Any irrational fear of getting married or making an engagement is known as gamophobia.

It is derived from the Greek word “gamos”, which means marriage. Gamophobia is manifested by an intense, irrelevant and constant fear of marriage and commitment.

The person is especially afraid of entering a marriage, or a permanent relationship, which involves spending a lifetime with only one person.

A gamophobic person’s fear of marriage is similar to the fear of dying.

A gamophobic person may be in a relationship with someone, but will walk away and become nervous if the subject of marriage or formal engagement comes up.

This phobia is totally different from anuptaphobia, which is the fear of being single, and phobia, which is the fear of falling in love.

Causes of gamophobia

Gamophobia is a common phobia that occurs in people, especially men.

Men tend to fear marriage because of the personal, financial, and social risks that marriage brings. Therefore, gamophobia can be caused by:

Personal insecurity

Personal insecurity can be a major cause of gamophobia in people. Marriage is not easy. Hundreds of responsibilities are added.

You do not share only one relationship, all your personal, social, legal and financial belongings are shared.

Fear of marriage can develop out of fear of these risks and vulnerability.

Related distressing incident

Gamophobia can also be associated with any unwanted and distressing event that involves a negative image of marriage in a person’s mind.

These incidents can be parental divorce during childhood, parental abuse, watching parents or other married couples fight, a previous marital failure, partner betrayal, or hearing extensively about failed marriages.

Any related affliction can be responsible for gamophobia in people.


Fear of marriage and commitment can also be caused by other depressive conditions.

A person may really be willing to get married, but they are just scared and anxious to go through it.

Lack of self-confidence, poor self-image, lack of sexual confidence, and various other types of depression can also keep a person away from marriage and commitments.


The main symptoms that can occur with someone who has gamophobia are:

  • An Irrational and extreme fear of marriage and commitment, even a thought of marriage or seeing someone else marry can trigger the fear.
  • Completely avoid marriage or related events and conversations.
  • Aggression, panic attacks and temper at the thought or conversations regarding marriage.

Panic follows physical signs such as shaking, crying, racing heart, trouble breathing, nausea or vomiting, dizziness or fainting, sweating, and abdominal discomfort.

Gamophobia can be a serious problem as it can cause a person to remain isolated.

A gamophobic person is simply afraid of the idea of ​​marriage, and is unwilling to marry or enter into a stable husband and wife relationship.

This fear can seriously damage a person’s relationships and family life. In such circumstances, consulting with a doctor is necessary.

On the other hand, if the above symptoms have occurred over a long period of time, more than six months and interrupted a person’s life, treatment should be started.

Treatment of gamophobia

Gamophobia can be treated using different psychotherapies and medications.

Effective psychotherapies for the successful elimination of fear are:

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most effective treatment therapies for gamophobia.

Gamophobia can be related to a distressing event or experience that remains in memory.

The behavioral therapist counsels the person and tries to unearth negative thoughts one has toward marriage.

A gamophobic person tends to have a wave of fear due to the negative and disturbing images associated with marriage, and not directly due to the marriage.

The therapist conducts continuous sessions of talking and sharing and giving prompts to replace these negative images with positive ones.

Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy is also another effective psychotherapy used for the treatment of gamophobia.

In exposure therapy, the therapist brings the person into a marriage-like setting or leads to a discussion about marriage.

Alongside, the therapist also tries to keep the person calm and relaxed during the course of the session.

Through regular exposures, the person becomes accustomed to the idea of ​​marriage and will be able to develop tolerance and control anxiety.

Family therapy

Family therapy is an important component throughout the treatment process. The therapist works with the family and makes them aware of the phobic situation.

In fact, regular counseling sessions with the family develop support and motivation for the person of their relatives.

This can be a huge boost to the entire treatment process.


In severe cases of isolation and anxiety, medications can be used. Commonly used medications are anti-anxiety medications and antidepressants.

However, therapies are considered more effective than drugs for the treatment of gamophobia.