Eye Disease: What are they? and More Recurring Conditions

The eyes are susceptible to suffer a great diversity of diseases that are not reduced to the most popular that usually have to do with vision problems.

The wide spectrum of diseases that compromise the functioning of our eyes is copious, especially if we take into account that over the years medical science makes discoveries of diseases of the eyes that were ignored until then.

Below we will give you a list of the most recurrent eye diseases and we will describe very general features of what they are about.

Most recurrent eye diseases

Acanthamoeba keratosis

It is a rare ocular infection, however it is serious and is associated with poor hygiene of contact lenses and other factors, which produce inflammation of the entire area of ​​the cornea of ​​the eye .

Amblyopia (lazy eye)

Amblyopia is a problem of vision development in infants and young children that can lead to permanent loss of vision and is characterized by a loss of sensation in the area of ​​the retina.

Astigmatism

Usually caused by an irregular cornea, astigmatism causes the person to develop blurring at all distances from which an object looks; whether you look closely, whether you look at it from afar.

Bell’s palsy

Mostly caused by viral infections, this condition causes sudden paralysis of one side of the face. Because it affects the blinking of it. In the worst case it could cause severe dry eye . It usually disappears in a time no longer than 6 months, by itself.

Bionic eye implants

Although it is not properly a disease but a procedure, they restore functional vision to people with retinitis pigmentosa and other conditions of blindness.

Blefaritis

It consists of an inflammation of the eyelids that is believed to be associated with chronic eye irritation, watery eyes, foreign body sensation, sensitivity to light and scab remnants at the base of the eyelashes.

Blurry vision

Blurred vision has many causes, from fatigue and eyestrain to serious eye diseases such as glaucoma.

Chalazion

It basically manifests itself in the shape of a swollen lump on the eyelid. It is not a serious condition but it is very annoying for those who suffer from it.

Retinitis CMV

About 80 percent of adults have been exposed to cytomegalovirus (CMV), but it mainly affects people with poor immune systems, such as AIDS patients.

Daltonismo

It is a very particular disease that affects that prevents the person who suffers from discerning the colors.

Cornea transplant

Eye injuries and diseases such as keratoconus may require a cornea transplant, using healthy tissue from an eye donor.

Corneal abrasion

A scraped cornea is usually very painful. Corneal injuries according to the case merit transplants. Corneal abrasion is also known as striped eye.

Corneal ulcer

This can originate for two reasons, by a direct hit in this area causing bruising or exposure to a bacterium. It is characterized by a marked redness and pain in the eyes.

Detached retina

The flashes of light and the floating spots are classic warning signs of a detached retina. Its cause is the detachment of tissue from the front of the eye of a blood vessel.

Diabetic retinopathy

It consists of damage to the retina. People who suffer from it are usually diabetic or suffer from blood pressure.

Heterochromia

It is a very particular condition of the eyes that is manifested by having eyes of different colors. In fact, many people (and animals) have two eyes of different colors. In order to know its cause, a series of exams are necessary both with an ophthalmologist .

Dry eye syndrome

It is suffered in the form of eye irritation and redness. To treat it, it is usually used eye drops, plugs for the tear duct (puncture) and nutritional supplements to obtain more moisture in the eyes.

Eye allergies

Tearful, red, swollen and watery eyes can mean eye allergies.

Herpes ocular

Ocular herpes is a recurrent viral infection that can cause a severe loss of vision. Read how the herpes of the eye is transmitted and treated.