The purpose of this diet is to stop diarrhea and the symptoms of gastroenteritis.
Known as the astringent diet or the diet for diarrhea, which is necessary to avoid the loss of fluids and minerals; so in this diet, it is essential to restore fluids through water, juice, broth or soups, tea, and rehydration drinks.
Diarrhea is a symptom of an eating disorder that may have been caused by rapid diets, medications, some viruses, or chronic diseases, among others.
An astringent diet benefits constipation by decreasing intestinal mobility and the presence of fluids.
It is a measure used to combat diarrhea, both acute and chronic.
This diet is indicated in the case of diarrhea, both acute and infectious, toxic and chronic.
Intestinal diseases cause these, sequelae of surgical interventions, food intolerances, and chemotherapy or radiotherapy side effects.
It is based on an astringent diet whose objective is to speed up the work of the digestive tract in the process of absorption of nutrients and digestion.
Therefore, consuming cooked and grilled, boiled, or steamed foods are recommended.
Recommended foods in the astringent diet
- Yogurt without lactose.
- Drinks include plenty of water, oral serum, alkaline lemonade, tea, delicate broth without fat, and chamomile.
- Lean meats, white fish (cod, scorpionfish, conger eel, redfish, sole, hake, turbot), and boiled eggs (only two or three per week).
- Pasta, rice, potato, carrot, or cooked or mashed vegetables.
- Toast and white bread.
- Fruits like apple, banana, lemon, and quince.
- Oil in small quantities.
As for the culinary techniques, it is best to prepare the menus boiled, baked, grilled, or steamed.
Foods prohibited in the astringent diet.
Among the foods that can cause diarrhea or exacerbate it, the following are known:
- Dairy products and yogurt can be consumed since bacteria have partially digested the lactose.
- Foods with fat, fried foods, cold meats, or sausages since they irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa and delay digestion.
- The raw fiber of fruits or vegetables.
- Fats (butter, margarine, oil), dried fruits, spicy foods, wholemeal flours, fruits, or vegetables.
- Coffee and orange juice with sugar stimulate stomach reflexes and should be avoided in an astringent diet.
- Flatulent vegetables and grains.
- Fat meats, such as lamb, duck, and bluefish.
- Fruits (except banana and apple) including natural juices.
- Fatty sauces such as béchamel and mayonnaise, nuts, and pastries.
- Alcoholic and carbonated drinks.
- Spicy foods, fried, stewed, coated, etc.
- Avoid breaded, stews, stews, marinated, fried, and battered.
Steps of the astringent diet
In stage one, called an absolute diet, experts do not recommend eating any food during the first hours.
You should drink only water with salt, sugar, lemon, or bicarbonate.
Commonly oral serums are sold in pharmacies or homemade with One liter of boiled water, two tablespoons of sugar, a teaspoon of salt, a lemon juice, and a half teaspoon of baking soda.
You can also consume boiled rice water.
This hydrating drink should be consumed every hour since it is essential to avoid the loss of fluids.
The second phase includes boiled rice or semolina, or cereal creams.
In acute diarrhea, it is recommended to follow the diet strictly in the first two to three days, even following an initial fasting stage.
Then you can include pasta, toast, soft meats, or boiled vegetables.
Afterward, the food will be consumed grilled, and when the recovery has already begun, vegetables and vegetables will be added little by little. Milk and coffee consumption will be finished.
It is advisable to eat small quantities frequently.
The astringent diet is usually sufficient for most acute diarrhea and does not need pharmacological treatment, only dietary measures.
Strict compliance with the diet favors the fastest recovery, and it is convenient to make a progressive, slow feeding to avoid relapses.
In chronic diarrhea, it will be observed which are the foods that usually generate them to avoid.
- Toasted white bread, apple compote, and tea with a sweetener.
- Bread with fruit.
- Rice with carrot.
- ½ chicken breast seasoned with lemon on the grill.
- A slice of bread.
- A camber of postre.
- Tea and cookies Maria type.
- Boiled hake.
- Carrots in the puree.
- A slice of bread.
- A natural yogurt
- A yogurt.
- 25 gr of cooked ham.
- Two slices of bread toast.
- Coffee or tea.
- Roasted apple
- A quarter of a parboiled chicken or two wheels of parboiled fish.
- Soup with noodles
- An Apple.
- A slice of bread and tea.
- One hundred fifty grams of boiled potatoes.
- A boiled quince.
You can season with a pinch of oil, olive, and extra virgin.
Warnings in the astringent diet
If it is not done with caution, the astringent diet could disturb the balance in a child’s diet, negatively affecting the immune system of children.
Do not give up breastfeeding children to feed on astringent substances since you can continue providing breast milk.