Definition and Concept of Physical Exercise

The physical exercise consists of activities to develop or maintain physical condition and health.

It is also used to perfect athletic ability or enable it. Frequent and regular physical exercise is an essential component in preventing some diseases such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

Types of physical exercise

The exercises are generally grouped into three types depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: flexibility exercises, this is based on stretching to improve the range of movement of muscles and joints; Aerobic activities such as walking and jogging, which focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance; and anaerobic exercises such as weight training, functional training or speed to increase muscle strength in the short term.

Physical and mental exercise

The use of physical exercise in conjunction with brain training increases the possibilities of developing cognitive functions within the parameters, including exercise time and exercise style.

According to age, physical activity is necessary for the body: adults should perform aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. Most people today have a sedentary lifestyle; this should be minimized; one of the techniques to stop doing is not to remain seated.

Under-five years: physical activity should be encouraged from birth, mainly through didactic games and water activities in safe environments.

Preschool children who can walk without help should be physically active every day for 180 minutes (3 hours). It is recommended to keep them in physical activity with age-appropriate exercises.


Children and adolescents (between 5-18 years): it is recommended that at this age, a physical intensity of at least 60 minutes be repeated several times a day, including those exercises that strengthen the muscles and bones, should be incorporated at least three days a week.

Adults (between 16-64 years): 150 minutes (two and a half hours) of moderate-intensity activity should be added to exercises of 10 minutes or more. For example, 30 minutes at least five days a week.

Older adults (over 65 and older): Older adults who participate in any physical activity get health benefits. Older adults should be advised to be active with physical activity every day, carrying a routine similar to that of adults.

Tips for choosing physical exercise

In general, everything good for the heart is ideal for the brain. Aerobic exercise is perfect for the body and the brain: it improves brain function and acts as a “first aid kit” for damaged brain cells.

The exercise in the morning before going to work helps prepare the body not to be stressed by the day but also produces increased retention of new information and improves response to complex situations.