Conjunctivitis: Causes, Symptoms, Practical Indications, Treatment and Prevention

Are all those injuries or damage that cause inflammation of the conjunctiva, regardless of the original cause that drives them.

Causes of conjunctivitis

Many are the causes of conjunctivitis, but among the main ones are:

  • The recurrent exposure and a long time to very intense lights: apply to computers, mobile devices, and similar technologies used for long periods.
  • Irritating liquids: many cleansers that contain chemicals are the cause of conjunctivitis.
  • Presence of foreign bodies.
  • Microbial infections

Symptoms of conjunctivitis

  • Coinciding with a clear vision, the eye of the patient, when standing up, appears reddened and with the eyelids attached.
  • The person who suffers it has the sensation of grains or in its defect sand inside the eyes, that could appear after the cooling or a blow of air.

Likewise, conjunctivitis usually expands to the other eye within two or three days of suffering these first symptoms. Therefore, the doctor will treat both eyes from the first manifestations of the disease, so it shows in one of the eyes only.

Practical indications

Within the most immediate indications, medical specialists recommend:

  • Blind eyes: this should be done using cotton swabs soaked in warm water previously boiled.
  • The water must necessarily be prepared with boric acid at saturation.
  • If necessary, the patient should wash the inner part of the eye with this water between two (2) or three (3) times a day. For this, use an eyecup or wring the cotton in them.
  • Always start with a healthy eye.
  • After washing, you should apply a few drops to 10% argyle; try not to spill it on your clothes because the dots dye and stain the fabrics.

It is essential that after performing this initial process, the person tries to wash their hands using disposable towels for this thoroughly. This dramatically reduces the risk of spreading by contacting the disease to other relatives or the family group.

In case the eye pain is severe, then you can do the following:

  • Apply cold compress on both eyelids to reduce pain while consulting the doctor.
  • Be careful not to strain your eyesight because it could tire you, and avoid contact with dusty or smoky environments.
  • Combine or prevent infections of the nose as well as bony sinuses.

Finally, in this phase of experimental treatment, it is recommended that the patient, as far as possible, not use penicillin ointments because these could easily cause eczema on the eyelids, aggravating the symptoms of the disease.


Medical treatment

There are very particular conjunctivitis that should be treated as soon as possible by a specialist doctor, more if it occurs in children; for example, gonococcal or purulent conjunctivitis in newborns, given that they could develop rapidly in ulcers of the cornea and even in the worst cases, in definitive blindness.

The most common conjunctivitis, such as catarrhal conjunctivitis or acute conjunctivitis, can ideally be treated following the aforementioned practical indications.

Now, however, the conjunctivitis tracamatosa or granulosa, characterized by thick and fleshy granulations, concerns only the inner part of the upper eyelid.

Because trachomatous or granular conjunctivitis is a variant of inflammation of the most delicate contagious conjunctiva, which could even be responsible for causing definitive blindness in the patient, it must be treated without further ado by a specialist doctor who will recommend or not recommend it—surgical intervention.

How can conjunctivitis be prevented?

As we have said, conjunctivitis can be infectious, and in this case, the person may not have many defense mechanisms; however, in the rest of the issues, it is recommended:

  • Try as much as possible to work or be in places whose light is not so intense.
  • Be aware of the time we spend in front of the computer screen or other technological devices since the light from the screens of these artifacts can alter the health of our eyes.
  • Do not rule out the use of artificial drops to maintain optimal moisture in your eyes.