Chronic Renal Failure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

In a syndrome in which all the functions of the kidneys deteriorate; leading to the disturbance of water, electrolytes, and nitrogen metabolism.

Chronic renal failure can result from kidney diseases such as chronic diffuse glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis and renal amyloidosis. It can also be a consequence of dynamic or mechanical obstructions of the urinary tract, cardiovascular diseases, collagen, and disorders such as diabetes mellitus.

Causes of Kidney Failure

  • Strong drop in the volume of blood that can be caused by dehydration.
  • Excessive loss of fluids and electrolytes in the gastrointestinal tract due to vomiting or diarrhea.
  • Excessive fluid loss due to extensive burns.
  • Anaphylactic shock or severe allergic reaction due to certain allergens or medications such as penicillin.
  • Septic shock
  • Decreased renal blood flow, due to certain medications and X-rays.

Physical symptoms

  • Fatigue or fatigue.
  • Swelling or inflammation (in the hands or feet and ankles, but often first manifests around the eyes).
  • Back pain. Usually, it is sometimes referred to as pain in the side or back pain.
  • Appetite. The feeding pattern decreases.
  • The urine. Changes in urination (amount, color, frequency). The urine can be extremely clear at this point.
  • Blood pressure becomes high (also known as hypertension).
  • Low Digestion (Different degrees of gastroparesis, which means that digestion becomes slower).
  • Nausea, vomiting, and generally loss of appetite.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Feeling of numbness in the extremities.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Color changes in the skin (grayish complexion, sometimes yellowish tone).
  • Difficulty breathing (due to fluid in the lungs).
  • Decrease in sexual interest.
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle.

Treatment of Renal Failure

  • Diet: changes in diet (low in protein, low in potassium, low in phosphorus, low in sodium, high in calories).
  • Medications for high blood pressure and for proteinuria.
  • Vitamin D, calcitriol is common.
  • Phosphor fixative
  • Dialysis.
  • Kidney transplant