Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Diagnosis

It is a syndrome of progressive destructive inflammatory changes in which the pancreas results in permanent structural damage.

Which leads to a deterioration of endocrine and exocrine function, which can be caused by many conditions, including:

  • The excessive consumption of alcohol.
  • The gallstones.
  • Abdominal surgery
  • Certain medications

In a proportion of patients with chronic pancreatitis no obvious cause will be found. The gland of the pancreas produces enzymes and hormones that break down and digest food. They also secrete insulin, which is responsible for regulating glucose levels or sugar in the body.

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis

Most people with chronic pancreatitis experience upper abdominal pain , which can radiate to the back, feeling stronger when eating or drinking, which over time becomes constant and disabling.

Other symptoms are the following:

  • Sickness.
  • Vomiting
  • Weightloss.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Oily deposits

People with chronic pancreatitis often lose weight, even when their appetite and eating habits are normal.

Treatment of chronic pancreatitis

Transplant is a procedure carried out to replace one of your own organs, which have failed or have been damaged by injury or illness. The transplant gives hope to thousands of people with organ failure and can renew a patient’s lifestyle.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis is based on a combination of clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes.

Generally routine labs are done, including liver function tests, which are often normal. In patients with diarrhea, feces of qualitative faecal fat are tested, with Sudan staining, in which six globules per high power field are considered positive.

The direct evidence of pancreatic secretion can also be performed, but are only available at specialized centers. These tests are invasive, time-consuming, and expensive.