The best solution to detect cancer early means keeping a close watch on the moles on your body to detect anything unusual.
Over the past decade, melanoma skin cancer incidence rates have more than doubled with the increase in men who are larger than women.
Moles are spots of color on the skin formed by cells that produce a pigment in the skin. Most moles are not cancerous (benign), but there are some cases in which they can become melanoma.
Moles like this can appear anywhere on your body. The most common areas for moles to appear are on the face, legs, back and arms.
Melanoma may initially appear as a dark spot that was not present before and has increased in size. It could also be a pre-existing mole that has increased in size or changed shape or color.
Could that Old Lunar be Skin Cancer?
If you take a good look at your skin, you will probably see a number of moles, small groups of pigment-producing skin cells. Most adults have between 10 and 40 moles, and some people, especially those with lighter skin, can have many more.
Moles can change in size and appearance over the years and, in rare cases, a mole can become a melanoma, the most deadly skin cancer.
But if you are like most people, you usually do not examine your moles or have your doctor check them periodically to see if they are changing so that they can indicate a possible skin cancer.
In fact, a survey of 476 people found that only 25 percent of them reported that they checked their skin monthly and 17 percent reported that they had a skin check only once a year.
So, should you or a doctor control your skin? If so, how often? This is what you need to know about the change in moles and the risk of skin cancer.
Can Any Lunar Becoming Skin Cancer?
Common moles are those with which we are born or develop up to 40 years of age. They can change or even disappear over the years, and very rarely they can become skin cancers.
Some research suggests that having more than 50 common moles can increase the risk of melanoma.
More worrying are the so-called atypical moles. They often appear during puberty, but may appear throughout life. They are not skin cancers but may have some characteristics of melanoma, such as irregular edges.
And although the vast majority of these never turn into melanomas, they are more likely to become cancerous. Having five or more atypical moles is associated with a higher than normal risk of “thick” or more advanced melanoma.
Many melanomas start as pigmented moles, but the two most common types of skin cancer, basal cells and squamous cell carcinoma, do not arise by themselves from normal skin.
Why Do Some Polka Dots Change from Benign to Cancerous?
Genetics seems to play a role. And although melanoma can occur in areas that are normally protected from sunlight, ultraviolet radiation also seems to be an important factor.
For example, moles exposed to UV radiation, such as the sun or tanning beds, can mutate, triggering the abnormally rapid cell division that characterizes cancer.
Most melanomas, however, do not develop from existing moles. And cancer rates, which increase with advancing age, have increased for at least 30 years.
Unnoticed, melanoma can grow and spread quickly, so experts agree that finding it early is the key.
“A melanoma the size of a dime has a 50 percent chance of spreading,” says Darrell S. Rigel, MD, a skin cancer expert at the New York University School of Medicine .
Discussion about screening
Lately, there has been some controversy about following the standard advice that your doctor conducts regular skin cancer screenings.
A panel of independent experts advising the government on screening tests has commented on numerous studies and concluded that there is not enough evidence to recommend for or against routine skin tests.
Although visual skin exams can help detect melanoma, there is no clear evidence that they save lives, routine skin checks professionally have the potential to lead to misdiagnosis, overdiagnosis and adverse effects of biopsies and overtreatment.
Experts recommend that people at high risk consult a doctor for a skin check at least once a year, preferably a dermatologist. Those at high risk, or with a history of melanoma, should be evaluated more frequently.
The main risk factors for skin cancer include a history of sunburn, fair skin, light eyes, red or blond hair, a family history of melanoma, or a personal history of basal cells or squamous cell cancer.
Evaluations can also help identify the last two skin cancers, which are more common, but not as lethal as melanoma.
Even if you have a lower risk, experts say that a doctor should have their skin checked periodically. Consider asking a referral to a dermatologist for the exam.
How to Identify Dangerous Moons?
Consider the possible changes that your mole may experience. To avoid danger, use sunscreen, do not expose it to direct UV rays or use tanning beds.
In the skin we can find different skin growths with different colors (from orange to dark tones), which can be prominent or flat. For growth on the skin we call it “lunar”. It is common for most people.
Why are there Concerns?
Although it is common to find moles in humans, there is a mole that can be dangerous or can be a melanoma ( carcinogen ).
Therefore, it is very important to be aware of our moles and, after reviewing this article, observe our skin and, if we find abnormalities, visit a dermatologist.
Among the three forms in which skin cancer is indicated, the most dangerous form of melanoma is spreading more easily and can be very offensive.
In addition, the presentation of this type of cancer is very dangerous because it appears in the cells responsible for dyeing the skin (moles, freckles, birthmarks)
How to Identify the Possible Signs of Melanoma?
If when reviewing a mole or a birthmark it finds an asymmetric shape where it is divided into two parts, but these two sections are not equal, they can respond to the possibility of melanoma. Most moles are spherical or circular.
The posts can usually be up to 1 cm in diameter. If one of your moles is larger or if you notice it, you should be very attentive to your changes or consult a dermatologist.
- A big surprise: be careful!
If moles suddenly appear on your skin and start to blacken, you should be very careful or visit a dermatologist. It is very likely that the index has a malignancy.
- Color: homogeneous tone
Normal moles, in many cases, have a homogeneous color, similar in their area; the colors dominate and even. If you notice some colors in a mole, you should be careful. This can be a cancerous mole.
- A mole with symptoms: Inflammation, pain, bleeding or stinging
In this case, you should pay more attention to the changes that occur. Undoubtedly, you should visit a dermatologist immediately. These signs can determine the potency of a strong malignant.
- Borders: undefined or irregular
If the mole does not clearly show the beginning or end or if the edge of the mole is not well defined, you should also pay attention. This can be a dangerous problem because the benign moles are well defined.
- Your family origin: be careful!
If you have a case of skin cancer or a dangerous mole in your family, it would be very important to visit a dermatologist. Although it is known that moles are not hereditary, but considering that each family has a skin type and some vulnerabilities, you should be careful.
To avoid showing signs of malignancy, you can avoid the use of medium frequency light blocks, avoid exposure to direct ultraviolet light and avoid the use of products that can damage your skin, and also the use of ultraviolet beds.
If you read any of these risk factors, you should visit a dermatologist. Time is a very important factor for a possible treatment. Also consider self-verification important.
And if you notice new moles or are not sure if the changes in a mole can be significant, consult a dermatologist. Sometimes, a melanoma may not resemble other melanomas in shape, color or size, for example, the unusual amelanotic melanoma has little color.
Do not trust a skin cancer application to give you the information you need. Research suggests that many are not reliable. And, of course, take measures to protect yourself from excessive UV exposure in the first place: protect your skin when you are outdoors and avoid tanning beds.