Azoospermia, Obstructive and Non-Obstructive: What is it? Definition

It is a condition of infertility in men characterized by a sperm count to zero.

Although man can produce ejaculation, without containing any sperm, it is estimated that it affects less than one in 50 men, although it represents a high percentage of men seeking fertility treatment and is a relatively common cause of male infertility . A reproductive endocrinologist can diagnose azoospermia and make treatment recommendations.

When couples experience infertility, one of the easiest diagnostic tests to perform is through male ejaculation, which often becomes the first measure a doctor pursues, before participating in the most invasive diagnostic tests for women. In a sperm counttest , a man provides a semen sample and analyzes it in the laboratory to see how many sperm can be found and what condition they are in. If none is visible, the man has azoospermia.

There are two different types of Azoospermia

Azoospermia Obstructivas

It is the condition in which a man is producing sperm, but can not be delivered due to an obstruction in the reproductive tract, this can be caused by a congenital condition.

Azoospermia No Obstructivas

It is characterized by the inability to produce sperm, or the production of sperm in very low amounts. Some causes of non-obstructive forms may include hormonal imbalances, medications and underlying disease processes.

Having azoospermia does not necessarily mean that a man can not reproduce. For men with obstructive azoospermia, it may be possible to collect a sample of sperm that can be used to fertilize a woman with assisted reproduction techniques. Non-obstructive forms can be addressed by changing medications or through medical treatment. Although a man’s sperm count is very low after this, it is still possible to use the sperm for use in a fertility treatment. Seeing a trained fertility specialist can greatly increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Receiving a diagnosis of azoospermia can be annoying for some men, because sperm are often seen as a symbol of virility in many cultures and whoever has a sperm count to zero can feel assaulted in his manhood. Men should be sure that a low sperm count is usually not their fault, and that treatments are available to deal with the situation. For men who want to have children, a low sperm count does not have to be a barrier to reproduction and can sometimes be very treatable.