Androphobia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Overview

It is the panic or fear of women towards men, as well as the fear of having a close relationship (of any kind) with them.

This phobia is generally based on past negative experiences , which brought a lot of suffering and pain to a woman in her childhood or adolescent stage.

Androphobia in women is expressed in the conviction that behind romance, smiles and also praise is the hunting instinct, emotion, deception and cunning.

The term originated within the feminist and lesbian-feminist movements to balance the opposite term “gynophobia,” which means a fear of women.

Causes of androphobia

Androphobia is considered a specific phobia because it is an overwhelming and irrational fear of something, in this case, men.

Androphobia, like other specific phobias, is long-lasting and can negatively affect the ability to carry out everyday activities, such as work, education, and social relationships.

The causes of fear of men can pass from childhood and be associated with the assault of parents or brothers, as well as in the case of a failed marriage of parents.

More androphobia may develop due to painful and unpleasant traumatic sexual experience, beatings and betrayal by the beloved man or unpleasant incidents.

Young women tend to suffer from the conflicting emotions that are available to the opposite sex: on the one hand, they strongly desire closeness with them, and on the other, fear of men.

Androphobia is experienced by most single women. Often the reasons for fear of men are exaggerated and irrational anxiety.

Fear of men is often associated with social phobia, as well as anxiety disorders.

According to statistics, an increasing number of women fear having a long-term relationship with men, motivated by a sense of fear and fear that keeps them in constant tension threatening their life and health.

Many independent women, who have achieved financial independence in their lives and escaped their previous heavy relationships with men, are distressed by any close contact.

Tolerance is shown only if the man is subordinate at work.

The cause of the development of androphobia in girls can serve as a review of feature films, where there are scenes of violence, aggression by men.

The risks of suffering from this phobia depend on each person. Those most at risk include:

  • Children, as most phobias generally occur in early childhood, usually by age 10).
  • If you have a history of family phobias or anxiety (this may be the result of inherited or learned behavior).
  • The living of a negative past experience with men.
  • Hearing comments about a negative experience with men from a friend, family member, or even a stranger.


Androphobia is characterized by irrationality and a multiple exaggeration of the feeling of danger, the fear of being in those places where there is a large concentration of men: stadiums, bars.

If a woman classifies herself as an ardent feminist, this can also be a hidden form of the phobia.

Psychologists believe that feminism is a direct path to androphobia and they are recommended to undergo treatment by a psychiatrist.

Symptoms of androphobia can include:

  • An intense fear, anxiety or panic when seeing or thinking of men.
  • You are aware that your fear of men is irrational or exaggerated, but you feel you cannot control it.
  • Anxiety worsens as the man becomes more physically androphobic.
  • There is an active avoidance of men or situations in which you may meet men and feel intense worry or fear in these situations.
  • Problems carrying out your daily activities caused by this fear of men.
  • Reactions to fears that manifest physically, such as excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat, tightness in the chest, or shortness of breath.
  • Nausea, dizziness, or fainting spells when around or thinking about men.

In boys, androphobia can manifest as attachment tantrums, crying, or a refusal to leave the mother or get close to a man.

Androphobia treatment

The effect of the treatment will be achieved only after the complete elimination of fear and that in the future it will not prevent a woman from forging relationships with men.

Most people with androphobia can recover through therapy sessions. The primary treatment for androphobia is psychotherapy, also called talk therapy .

The two most common forms of psychotherapy used to treat androphobia are exposure therapy and behavioral therapy.

The psychotherapist will help identify the cause of men’s fear and offer an effective treatment course.

It is necessary to get rid of androphobia in time, because, fearing a man, a woman remains a hostage to loneliness.

Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy is designed to change the way you conceive of men.

People are gradually and repeatedly exposed to the presence of men in the activities of daily life.

Exposure therapy brings the androphobic into gradual exposures to help him manage his thoughts, feelings, and sensations associated with fear of men.

For example, a therapist might first show photos of men and then have you listen to recordings of men’s voices.

After that, your therapist will make you watch videos of men, and then you will slowly get closer to a real life man.


Hypnosis sessions will help give a woman the feeling that a man can be a figure of power as well as a protection.

This treatment completely eliminates the irrational fear that women feel towards men and they usually never suffer the phobia again.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy uses exposure therapy combined with other therapeutic techniques to teach you different ways of seeing and dealing with fear of men.

The therapist usually teaches how to:

  • See fear in a different way.
  • Cope with the somatic manifestations associated with this fear.
  • Emotionally treat the impact fear has had on the androphobic’s life.

Therapy sessions will help you gain confidence or control your thoughts and feelings instead of feeling dominated by them.


Psychotherapy is often very successful in treating androphobia.

Doctors believe that androphobia is a serious mental illness, which must be treated with drug therapy aimed at reducing the feelings of anxiety or panic attacks associated with androphobia.

These medications should be used at the beginning of treatment to help facilitate your recovery.

In the absence of an acute form of the disease, it can be limited to the ideal method of psychotherapy, such as a gradual approach to the object of fear.

Another appropriate use is for infrequent, short-term situations where your anxiety prevents you from doing something necessary, such as seeking medical treatment from a man or going to the emergency room.

Medications commonly used to treat androphobia include:

  1. Beta blockers: Beta blockers control the effects of anxiety-induced adrenaline in the body. Adrenaline can cause uncomfortable, sometimes dangerous physical symptoms, including increased heart rate and blood pressure, and palpitations, as well as tremors in the voice and limbs.
  2. Sedatives: Benzodiazepines help you feel calmer by reducing anxiety. These drugs should be used with caution because they can be addictive. When you have a history of alcohol or drug abuse, you should avoid taking benzodiazepines.


Androphobia can negatively affect a woman’s quality of life.

Possible complications include social withdrawal, mood disorders, substance and thought abuse, or suicide attempts.

It is important for the androphobic to seek help if needed, especially if you have children who are, or could be affected by, the phobia.

With treatment, anxiety can be reduced and life can be lived to the fullest.