Scalp Pain: Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms and Treatment

It is a common symptom of a head injury, headaches, and skin conditions.

Scalp pain can also indicate a severe condition.

Causes of pain in the scalp

Common causes of scalp pain include the following:

Skin disorders

Dermatitis is a common condition associated with a general inflammation of the skin. Symptoms include an itchy rash and inflamed skin.

You may also experience blisters, scabs, or scales. These symptoms can be caused by contact with many everyday things, such as:

  • Certain metals.
  • Certain soaps.
  • Poison Ivy.
  • Certain cosmetics.
  • Pollution.
  • Certain laundry detergents.
  • Certain hair products.

Other conditions can cause pain, infection, or irritation of the scalp, such as contact dermatitis, lice lesions, basal cell carcinoma, or other skin cancers.


Head trauma is a common cause of scalp pain.


It includes brain injury, skull fracture, or concussion, which can occur immediately after the traumatic event or up to several hours or days later.

A traumatic brain contusion can also cause scalp pain and may indicate bleeding or swelling within the skull.


Headaches can cause pain in the scalp and pain in any area of ​​the face, neck, or head.

Various types of headaches can cause scalp pain, such as migraine headaches, sinus headaches, tension headaches, and those caused by nerve involvement, such as occipital neuralgia.

Depression, anxiety, and stress can make muscles tense and increase symptoms.


Folliculitis, furunculosis, and furunculosis are infections of the hair follicles, and fungal infections, such as tinea, can cause scalp sensitivity.

These infections can be painful and hot to the touch.

Arteritis temporal

Temporal arteritis is a blood vessel inflammation whose associated symptoms include jaw pain, visual disturbances, headaches, and scalp pain.

Other possibilities

Scalp pain can also be caused by:

  • Tanned.
  • Hot.
  • Cold.
  • Wind.
  • Chemotherapy treatments.
  • Wearing tight caps and hats.
  • Shampoo with very healthy ingredients.
  • Strappy hairstyles for a long time.

This pain can also be made worse or triggered by hair loss. For women, hormones associated with the menstrual cycle can also contribute to scalp pain.

Symptoms of scalp pain

Symptoms of scalp pain include a burning or tingling sensation and scaling and itchy skin.

Other associated symptoms may occur such as:

  • Sudden blindness in one or both eyes.
  • Confusion or loss of consciousness even for a brief moment.
  • Drainage of blood or fluids from the nose, mouth, or ears.
  • Sudden uncontrolled movements.
  • Numbness after a head, neck, or back injury.
  • Sensory changes (vision, hearing, smell).
  • Seizures
  • Varying pupil size.

Risk factor’s

People who have a scalp that in its natural appearance is very oily or very dry are more likely to have sensitive skin and a sore scalp. Other risk factors are:

  • Stress.
  • The anxiety.
  • The Depression.
  • Living in an area with a variable climate or cold temperatures.
  • The allergies.
  • Asthma.

Scalp pain treatment

Treatments will vary depending on the cause of the pain or the presence of other symptoms.

Diseases that cause pain in the scalp should be treated.

Ibuprofen or similar over-the-counter medications can help relieve inflammation or headaches that cause sensitivity.

The most common causes of scalp pain are dermatological.

Special shampoos like Selsun Blue or Head & Shoulders can help relieve an itchy or dry, flaky scalp.

Certain essential oils, such as lavender, almonds, or rosemary, can help treat scalp pain.

It is recommended to consume foods with collagen and keratin.

It may be necessary to see a dermatologist; if symptoms are not relieved by first-line treatments, the doctor may prescribe other medications.