Proteins: What They Serve, Their Function and What Causes Their Deficiency

It understands the meaning of protein.

Proteins are the main components of living cells. They play a crucial role in maintaining life, and their dysfunctions are known for developing different pathological conditions.

Also, proteins are large molecules that consist of amino acids that our body and the cells of our body need to function correctly. Our body structures, functions, and regulation of cells, tissues, and organs of the body can not exist without proteins.

The human body’s muscles and many other parts contain significant amounts of protein. The protein represents 20% of the total body weight.

Enzymes, hormones, and antibodies are proteins. Proteins also function as oxygen carriers in the blood (hemoglobin) and as neurotransmitters.

The function of proteins

  • In virtually every biological process, proteins play a significant role in the functions of the human body:
  • Build, strengthen, repair, and replace things, such as fabrics. Some examples include keratin (bolsters protective covers on the hair), collagen, and elastin (it provides support for the connective tissue).
  • Produce antibodies for our immune system.
  • Produce hormones, which help cells send messages and coordinate bodily activities.
  • Muscle contractions (actin and myosin), two types of proteins, are involved in muscle contraction and movement.
  • Make the enzymes. An enzyme facilitates a biochemical reaction.
  • Mediate the response of cells: rhodopsin is an eye protein used for vision.
  • Store: Ferritin is a protein that stores iron in the liver.

Protein deficiency

Protein deficiency can lead to mental retardation and reduced IQ. In most parts of the world, the energy consumption of food is too low; that is, people are not getting enough food in general. What can lead to:

  • Growing problems.
  • Emaciation and contraction of muscle tissue.
  • Apathy.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Fatty liver.
  • Bloated belly
  • Swelling of the legs
  • Anemia.
  • A weak immune system leads to increased susceptibility to infections and diseases.

In several countries where protein deficiency is a severe problem, leaves and other parts of the Moringa tree can help provide protein in the daily diet.

In developed countries, especially in Western Europe, where the nutritional needs of the poorest people are carefully controlled and resolved, protein deficiency is quite rare.

In developed countries, protein deficiency is more likely among people with crash diets or significantly older adults who do not eat properly.

Some studies indicate that protein deficiency and global malnutrition are probably worse than people realize, especially in the US., among the poor, convalescent, and elderly patients.

Compared to those in the US, the difference in the nutritional content of a Japanese or Finnish meal in public schools would surprise most Finnish or Japanese nutritionists.

Protein sources

  • Meat.
  • Poultry.
  • Fish and eggs
  • Insects
  • Dairy products.
  • Seeds and nuts.
  • Soy products.
  • Eggs
  • Dairy products
  • Grains, vegetables, and legumes also have proteins.